ASTM E1497 - 17

    Standard Practice for Selection and Safe Use of Water-Miscible and Straight Oil Metal Removal Fluids

    Active Standard ASTM E1497 | Developed by Subcommittee: E34.50

    Book of Standards Volume: 11.03


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 Use of this practice will improve management and control of metal removal fluids. The proper management and use will reduce dermal and other occupational hazards associated with these fluids.

    4.1.1 Guide E2148 covers information on how to use documents related to health and safety of metalworking and metal removal fluids, including this document. Documents referenced in Guide E2148 are grouped as applicable to producers, to users, or to all.

    4.1.2 Practice E2889 augments the information provided in this practice by providing information on approaches to reducing exposures to different types of metal removal fluid related aerosols.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice sets forth guidelines for the selection and safe use of metal removal fluids, additives, and antimicrobials. This includes product selection, storage, dispensing, and maintenance.

    1.2 Water-miscible metal removal fluids are typically used at high dilution, and dilution rates vary widely. Additionally, there is potential for exposure to undiluted metal removal fluid as manufactured, as well as metal removal fluid additives and antimicrobials.

    1.3 Straight oils generally consist of a severely solvent-refined or hydro-treated petroleum oil, a synthetic oil, or other oils of animal or vegetable origin, including oils that are modified for performance characteristics (for example, esterified rapeseed oil, and so forth). Straight oils are not intended to be diluted with water prior to use. Additives are often included in straight oil formulations.

    1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D7049 Test Method for Metal Removal Fluid Aerosol in Workplace Atmospheres

    E1302 Guide for Acute Animal Toxicity Testing of Water-Miscible Metalworking Fluids

    E1542 Terminology Relating to Occupational Health and Safety

    E1972 Practice for Minimizing Effects of Aerosols in the Wet Metal Removal Environment

    E2144 Practice for Personal Sampling and Analysis of Endotoxin in Metalworking Fluid Aerosols in Workplace Atmospheres

    E2148 Guide for Using Documents Related to Metalworking or Metal Removal Fluid Health and Safety

    E2169 Practice for Selecting Antimicrobial Pesticides for Use in Water-Miscible Metalworking Fluids

    E2275 Practice for Evaluating Water-Miscible Metalworking Fluid Bioresistance and Antimicrobial Pesticide Performance

    E2889 Practice for Control of Respiratory Hazards in the Metal Removal Fluid Environment


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 75.100 (Lubricants, industrial oils and related products)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/E1497-17

    Citation Format

    ASTM E1497-17, Standard Practice for Selection and Safe Use of Water-Miscible and Straight Oil Metal Removal Fluids, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2017, www.astm.org

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