If you are an ASTM Compass Subscriber and this document is part of your subscription, you can access it for free at ASTM Compass
    ASTM E110 - 14

    Standard Test Method for Rockwell and Brinell Hardness of Metallic Materials by Portable Hardness Testers

    Active Standard ASTM E110 | Developed by Subcommittee: E28.06

    Book of Standards Volume: 03.01

      Format Pages Price  
    PDF 5 $54.00   ADD TO CART
    Hardcopy (shipping and handling) 5 $54.00   ADD TO CART
    Standard + Redline PDF Bundle 10 $64.00   ADD TO CART


    This test method establishes the standard procedures, including the calibration, precision and bias of the apparatus used, for the determination of indentation hardness of metallic materials by means of portable hardness testers.

    This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

    Significance and Use

    3.1 Portable hardness testers are used for testing materials that because of their size, location or other requirements such as test point are unable to be tested using traditional fixed instruments.

    3.2 Portable hardness testers, by their nature, induce variation that could influence the test results; therefore, hardness measurements made in accordance with this test method are not considered to meet the requirements of E10 or E18. The user should compare the results of the precision and bias studies in E110, E10 and E18 to understand the differences in results expected between portable and fixed instruments.

    3.3 Two test parameters that can significantly influence the measurement accuracy when using portable hardness testers are the alignment of the indenter to the test surface and the timing of the test forces. The user is cautioned to do everything possible to keep the centerline of the indenter perpendicular to the test surface and to apply the test forces using the same time cycle as defined in Test Method E10 or Test Methods E18.

    3.4 Portable hardness testers are delicate instruments that are subject to damage when they are moved from one test site to another. Therefore, repeating the daily verification process during the testing sequence is recommended to insure that they are working properly.

    3.5 Hardness testing at a specific location on a part may not represent the physical characteristics of the whole part or end product.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method defines the requirements for portable instruments that are intended to be used to measure the Rockwell or Brinell hardness of metallic materials by performing indentation tests on the surface of materials in the field or outside of a test lab, or in cases where the size or weight of the test piece prevents it from being tested on a standard E10 or E18 hardness tester.

    1.2 The principles used to measure the Rockwell or Brinell hardness are the same as those defined in the E18 standard test method for Rockwell or E10 standard test method for Brinell.

    Note 1: Standard test methods E10 and E18 will be referred to in this test method as the standard methods.

    1.3 The portable hardness testers covered by this test method are verified only by the indirect verification method. Although the portable hardness testers are designed to employ the same test conditions as those defined in the standard test methods, the forces applied by the portable Rockwell and Brinell testers and the depth measuring systems of the portable Rockwell testers may not meet the tolerance requirements of the standard methods. Portable hardness testers shall use indenters that meet the requirements of the standard test methods.

    1.4 This test method does not apply to portable hardness testers that measure hardness by a means or procedure that is different than those defined in E10 or E18 For example, this test method does not apply to the methods defined in ASTM standard Practice A833, Test Methods A956 and A1038 or B647.

    1.5 A report section is included to define how to indicate that the test result was obtained by using a portable device that conforms to this document.

    1.6 Annex A1 is included that defines the periodic indirect verification and daily verification requirements for these instruments.

    1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    A833 Test Method for Indentation Hardness of Metallic Materials by Comparison Hardness Testers

    A956 Test Method for Leeb Hardness Testing of Steel Products

    A1038 Test Method for Portable Hardness Testing by the Ultrasonic Contact Impedance Method

    B647 Test Method for Indentation Hardness of Aluminum Alloys by Means of a Webster Hardness Gage

    E10 Test Method for Brinell Hardness of Metallic Materials

    E18 Test Methods for Rockwell Hardness of Metallic Materials

    E140 Hardness Conversion Tables for Metals Relationship Among Brinell Hardness, Vickers Hardness, Rockwell Hardness, Superficial Hardness, Knoop Hardness, Scleroscope Hardness, and Leeb Hardness

    E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method

    ISO Standards

    ISO/IEC 17011 : Conformity assessment -- General requirements for accreditation bodies accrediting conformity assessment bodies

    ISO/IEC 17025 : General requirements for the competence of testing calibration laboratories

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 77.040.10 (Mechanical testing of metals)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 41114611(Hardness testers)

    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/E0110-14

    Citation Format

    ASTM E110-14, Standard Test Method for Rockwell and Brinell Hardness of Metallic Materials by Portable Hardness Testers, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2014, www.astm.org

    Back to Top