ASTM E104 - 20

    Standard Practice for Maintaining Constant Relative Humidity by Means of Aqueous Solutions

    Active Standard ASTM E104 | Developed by Subcommittee: D22.11

    Book of Standards Volume: 11.07


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 Standard value relative humidity environments are important for conditioning materials in shelf-life studies or in the testing of mechanical properties such as dimensional stability and strength. Relative humidity is also an important operating variable for the calibration of many species of measuring instruments.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice describes one method for generating constant relative humidity (rh) environments in relatively small containers.

    1.2 This practice is applicable for obtaining constant relative humidities ranging from dryness to near saturation at temperatures spanning from 0 to 50°C.

    1.3 This practice is applicable for closed systems such as environmental conditioning containers and for the calibration of hygrometers.

    1.4 This practice is not recommended for the generation of continuous (flowing) streams of constant humidity unless precautionary criteria are followed to ensure source stability. (See Section 9.)

    1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.6 Warning—Saturated salt solutions are extremely corrosive, and care should be taken in their preparation and handling. There is also the possibility of corrosive vapors in the atmospheres over the saturated salt solutions.2

    1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For more specific safety precautionary information see 1.6 and 10.1.

    1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water

    D1356 Terminology Relating to Sampling and Analysis of Atmospheres


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 19.040 (Environmental testing)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 41112301(Hygrometers)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/E0104-20

    Citation Format

    ASTM E104-20, Standard Practice for Maintaining Constant Relative Humidity by Means of Aqueous Solutions, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2020, www.astm.org

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