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Significance and Use
5.1 A knowledge of the water content of petroleum products is important in the refining, purchase, sale, and transfer of products.
5.2 The amount of water as determined by this test method (to the nearest 0.05 % or 0.1 % by volume, depending on the trap size used) may be used to correct the volume involved in the custody transfer of petroleum products and bituminous materials.
5.3 The allowable amount of water may be specified in contracts.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of water in the range from 0 % to 25 % by volume in petroleum products, tars, and other bituminous materials by the distillation method.
Note 1: Volatile water-soluble material, if present, may be measured as water.
1.2 The specific products considered during the development of this test method are listed in Table 1. For bituminous emulsions refer to Test Method . For crude oils, refer to Test Method (API MPMS Chapter 10.2).
Note 2: With some types of oil, satisfactory results may be obtained from Test Method MPMS Chapter 10.6). (API
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses after SI units are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard statements, see Section .
1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D235 Specification for Mineral Spirits (Petroleum Spirits) (Hydrocarbon Dry Cleaning Solvent)
D244 Test Methods and Practices for Emulsified Asphalts
D4006 Test Method for Water in Crude Oil by Distillation (API MPMS Chapter 10.2)
D4057 Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products (API MPMS Chapter 8.1)
D4177 Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products (API MPMS Chapter 8.2)
D5854 Practice for Mixing and Handling of Liquid Samples of Petroleum and Petroleum Products (API MPMS Chapter 8.3)
E123 Specification for Apparatus for Determination of Water by Distillation
ICS Number Code 75.140 (Waxes, bituminous materials and other petroleum products)
UNSPSC Code 15101500(Petroleum and distillates); 30121500(Bituminous derivatives)
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ASTM D95-13(2018), Standard Test Method for Water in Petroleum Products and Bituminous Materials by Distillation, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2018, www.astm.orgBack to Top