ASTM D942 - 19

    Standard Test Method for Oxidation Stability of Lubricating Greases by the Oxygen Pressure Vessel Method

    Active Standard ASTM D942 | Developed by Subcommittee: D02.09.0E

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.01


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 This test method measures the net change in pressure resulting from consumption of oxygen by oxidation and gain in pressure due to formation of volatile oxidation by-products. This test method may be used for quality control to indicate batch-to-batch uniformity. It predicts neither the stability of greases under dynamic service conditions, nor the stability of greases stored in containers for long periods, nor the stability of films of greases on bearings and motor-parts. It should not be used to estimate the relative oxidation resistance of different grease types.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method determines resistance of lubricating greases to oxidation when stored statically in an oxygen atmosphere in a sealed system at an elevated temperature under conditions of test.

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.2.1 Exception—Pressure measurement appears in kPa with psi provided for information only.

    1.2.2 Exception—In Fig. A1.1, A1.1, and Appendix X1, all dimensions are in millimeters, with inches provided in parentheses for information only.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard statements see Sections 6 and 7.

    1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    A240/A240M Specification for Chromium and Chromium-Nickel Stainless Steel Plate, Sheet, and Strip for Pressure Vessels and for General Applications

    D525 Test Method for Oxidation Stability of Gasoline (Induction Period Method)

    E1 Specification for ASTM Liquid-in-Glass Thermometers

    E2877 Guide for Digital Contact Thermometers

    Other Standards

    BS 970:1983 Part I, Section S Available from British Standards Institute (BSI), 389 Chiswick High Rd., London W4 4AL, U.K., http://www.bsi-global.com.


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 75.100 (Lubricants, industrial oils and related products)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 15101500(Petroleum and distillates)


    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 15121902(Grease)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D0942-19

    Citation Format

    ASTM D942-19, Standard Test Method for Oxidation Stability of Lubricating Greases by the Oxygen Pressure Vessel Method, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2019, www.astm.org

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