If you are an ASTM Compass Subscriber and this document is part of your subscription, you can access it for free at ASTM Compass
    ASTM D934 - 13

    Standard Practices for Identification of Crystalline Compounds in Water-Formed Deposits By X-Ray Diffraction

    Active Standard ASTM D934 | Developed by Subcommittee: D19.03

    Book of Standards Volume: 11.02

      Format Pages Price  
    PDF 10 $52.00   ADD TO CART
    Hardcopy (shipping and handling) 10 $52.00   ADD TO CART
    Standard + Redline PDF Bundle 20 $62.00   ADD TO CART

    Significance and Use

    5.1 The identification of the crystalline structures in water-formed deposits assists in the determination of the deposit sources and mode of deposition. This information may lead to measures for the elimination or reduction of the water-formed deposits.

    1. Scope

    1.1 These practices provide for X-ray diffraction analysis of powdered crystalline compounds in water-formed deposits. Two are given as follows:



    Practice A—Camera

    12 to 21

    Practice B—Diffractometer

    22 to 30

    1.2 Both practices yield qualitative identification of crystalline components of water-formed deposits for which X-ray diffraction data are available or can be obtained. Greater difficulty is encountered in identification when the number of crystalline components increases.

    1.3 Amorphous phases cannot be identified without special treatment. Oils, greases, and most organic decomposition products are not identifiable.

    1.4 The sensitivity for a given component varies with a combination of such factors as density, degree of crystallization, particle size, coincidence of strong lines of components and the kind and arrangement of the atoms of the components. Minimum percentages for identification may therefore range from 1 to 40 %.

    1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values listed in parenthesis are for information only.

    1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to consult and establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific precautionary statements are given in Section 8 and Note 20.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D887 Practices for Sampling Water-Formed Deposits

    D933 Practice for Reporting Results of Examination and Analysis of Water-Formed Deposits

    D1129 Terminology Relating to Water

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water

    D2331 Practices for Preparation and Preliminary Testing of Water-Formed Deposits

    E11 Specification for Woven Wire Test Sieve Cloth and Test Sieves

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 13.060.30 (Sewage water)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code

    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D0934-13

    Citation Format

    ASTM D934-13, Standard Practices for Identification of Crystalline Compounds in Water-Formed Deposits By X-Ray Diffraction, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2013, www.astm.org

    Back to Top