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    ASTM D891-09

    Standard Test Methods for Specific Gravity, Apparent, of Liquid Industrial Chemicals (Withdrawn 2018)

    Withdrawn Standard: ASTM D891-09 | Developed by Subcommittee: D16.15


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    Withdrawn Rationale:

    These test methods cover the determination of the specific gravity, apparent, of liquid industrial chemicals. Two test methods are covered: Test Method A, specific gravity, apparent, by means of a hydrometer and Test Method B, specific gravity, apparent, by means of a pycnometer.

    Formerly under the jurisdiction of Committee D16 on Aromatic, Industrial, Specialty and Related Chemicals, these test methods were withdrawn in January 2018 in accordance with section 10.6.3 of the Regulations Governing ASTM Technical Committees, which requires that standards shall be updated by the end of the eighth year since the last approval date.

    1. Scope

    1.1 These test methods cover the determination of the specific gravity, apparent, of liquid industrial chemicals. Two test methods are covered as follows:

    1.1.1 Test Method A, specific gravity, apparent, by means of a hydrometer.

    1.1.2 Test Method B, specific gravity, apparent, by means of a pycnometer.

    Note 1—Test Method D 4052 describes an instrumental procedure.

    1.2 In common usage the term specific gravity, apparent, is understood to mean specific gravity. Since this test method is to be in conformity with Terminology E 12, all terms reading specific gravity were changed to specific gravity, apparent, without altering the meaning of specific gravity and, the term apparent could be dropped in everyday operations after establishing the use term equivalency.

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in these test methods with the exception of Fahrenheit (°F) in 5.1 as an example of a possible industrial specification unit.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.5 Review the current Materials Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) for detailed information concerning toxicity, first aid procedures, handling, and safety precautions.



    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water

    D4052 Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter

    E1 Specification for ASTM Liquid-in-Glass Thermometers

    E12 Terminology Relating to Density and Specific Gravity of Solids, Liquids, and Gases

    E100 Specification for ASTM Hydrometers

    E202 Test Methods for Analysis of Ethylene Glycols and Propylene Glycols

    E302 Test Methods for Monobasic Organic Acids (Discontinued 2001)

    E346 Test Methods for Analysis of Methanol


    Referencing This Standard
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    DOI: 10.1520/D0891-09

    Citation Format

    ASTM D891-09, Standard Test Methods for Specific Gravity, Apparent, of Liquid Industrial Chemicals (Withdrawn 2018), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2009, www.astm.org

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