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    ASTM D8324 - 21

    Standard Guide for Selection of Environmentally Acceptable Lubricants for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Vessel General Permit

    Active Standard ASTM D8324 | Developed by Subcommittee: D02.12

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.05


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 The purpose of this guide is to provide information on environmentally acceptable lubricants (EALs) used in marine applications. That information includes EAL types, general properties, and recommended means by which their technical performance can be evaluated. In addition, general information on the major environmental standards and other organizations and permits defining, classifying, and regulating the use of EALs are summarized.

    4.2 Another goal of this guide is to provide concise tables that describe the biodegradability, ecotoxicity, and bioaccumulation requirements found in the 2013 EPA Vessel General Permit (VGP) for a lubricant to be defined as an EAL.

    4.3 The scope of this guide is to provide information, without specific limits, to aid in the selection of EALs and use in marine applications. It is the intention of the preparers of the guide to provide a base knowledge of information on EALs and their use in marine applications to vessel owners and operators, vessel maintenance engineers, and preparers of marine original equipment manufacturer (OEM) lubricant requirements.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This guide provides information, without specific limits, to aid in the selection of environmentally acceptable lubricants (EALs) and use in marine applications.

    1.2 Units—The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D92 Test Method for Flash and Fire Points by Cleveland Open Cup Tester

    D93 Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester

    D97 Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products

    D130 Test Method for Corrosiveness to Copper from Petroleum Products by Copper Strip Test

    D217 Test Methods for Cone Penetration of Lubricating Grease

    D445 Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)

    D664 Test Method for Acid Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Titration

    D665 Test Method for Rust-Preventing Characteristics of Inhibited Mineral Oil in the Presence of Water

    D892 Test Method for Foaming Characteristics of Lubricating Oils

    D943 Test Method for Oxidation Characteristics of Inhibited Mineral Oils

    D974 Test Method for Acid and Base Number by Color-Indicator Titration

    D1264 Test Method for Determining the Water Washout Characteristics of Lubricating Greases

    D1298 Test Method for Density, Relative Density, or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method

    D1401 Test Method for Water Separability of Petroleum Oils and Synthetic Fluids

    D1742 Test Method for Oil Separation from Lubricating Grease During Storage

    D1743 Test Method for Determining Corrosion Preventive Properties of Lubricating Greases

    D2070 Test Method for Thermal Stability of Hydraulic Oils

    D2265 Test Method for Dropping Point of Lubricating Grease Over Wide Temperature Range

    D2266 Test Method for Wear Preventive Characteristics of Lubricating Grease (Four-Ball Method)

    D2270 Practice for Calculating Viscosity Index from Kinematic Viscosity at 40C and 100C

    D2422 Classification of Industrial Fluid Lubricants by Viscosity System

    D2509 Test Method for Measurement of Load-Carrying Capacity of Lubricating Grease (Timken Method)

    D2596 Test Method for Measurement of Extreme-Pressure Properties of Lubricating Grease (Four-Ball Method)

    D2619 Test Method for Hydrolytic Stability of Hydraulic Fluids (Beverage Bottle Method)

    D2711 Test Method for Demulsibility Characteristics of Lubricating Oils

    D2782 Test Method for Measurement of Extreme-Pressure Properties of Lubricating Fluids (Timken Method)

    D2783 Test Method for Measurement of Extreme-Pressure Properties of Lubricating Fluids (Four-Ball Method)

    D2893 Test Methods for Oxidation Characteristics of Extreme-Pressure Lubrication Oils

    D3427 Test Method for Air Release Properties of Hydrocarbon Based Oils

    D4048 Test Method for Detection of Copper Corrosion from Lubricating Grease

    D4052 Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter

    D4170 Test Method for Fretting Wear Protection by Lubricating Greases

    D4172 Test Method for Wear Preventive Characteristics of Lubricating Fluid (Four-Ball Method)

    D4175 Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants

    D4289 Test Method for Elastomer Compatibility of Lubricating Greases and Fluids

    D4310 Test Method for Determination of Sludging and Corrosion Tendencies of Inhibited Mineral Oils

    D5182 Test Method for Evaluating the Scuffing Load Capacity of Oils (FZG Visual Method)

    D5483 Test Method for Oxidation Induction Time of Lubricating Greases by Pressure Differential Scanning Calorimetry

    D5706 Test Method for Determining Extreme Pressure Properties of Lubricating Greases Using a High-Frequency, Linear-Oscillation (SRV) Test Machine

    D5707 Test Method for Measuring Friction and Wear Properties of Lubricating Grease Using a High-Frequency, Linear-Oscillation (SRV) Test Machine

    D5864 Test Method for Determining Aerobic Aquatic Biodegradation of Lubricants or Their Components

    D5949 Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products (Automatic Pressure Pulsing Method)

    D5950 Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products (Automatic Tilt Method)

    D6046 Classification of Hydraulic Fluids for Environmental Impact

    D6080 Practice for Defining the Viscosity Characteristics of Hydraulic Fluids

    D6138 Test Method for Determination of Corrosion-Preventive Properties of Lubricating Greases Under Dynamic Wet Conditions (Emcor Test)

    D6304 Test Method for Determination of Water in Petroleum Products, Lubricating Oils, and Additives by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration

    D6425 Test Method for Measuring Friction and Wear Properties of Extreme Pressure (EP) Lubricating Oils Using SRV Test Machine

    D6546 Test Methods for and Suggested Limits for Determining Compatibility of Elastomer Seals for Industrial Hydraulic Fluid Applications

    D6973 Test Method for Indicating Wear Characteristics of Petroleum Hydraulic Fluids in a High Pressure Constant Volume Vane Pump

    D7042 Test Method for Dynamic Viscosity and Density of Liquids by Stabinger Viscometer (and the Calculation of Kinematic Viscosity)

    D7043 Test Method for Indicating Wear Characteristics of Non-Petroleum and Petroleum Hydraulic Fluids in a Constant Volume Vane Pump

    D7373 Test Method for Predicting Biodegradability of Lubricants Using a Bio-kinetic Model

    D7421 Test Method for Determining Extreme Pressure Properties of Lubricating Oils Using High-Frequency, Linear-Oscillation (SRV) Test Machine

    D7594 Test Method for Determining Fretting Wear Resistance of Lubricating Greases Under High Hertzian Contact Pressures Using a High-Frequency, Linear-Oscillation (SRV) Test Machine

    D7752 Practice for Evaluating Compatibility of Mixtures of Hydraulic Fluids


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
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    DOI: 10.1520/D8324-21

    Citation Format

    ASTM D8324-21, Standard Guide for Selection of Environmentally Acceptable Lubricants for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Vessel General Permit, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2021, www.astm.org

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