ASTM D8316 - 20

    Standard Test Method for Measuring Friction and Wear Properties of Extreme Pressure (EP) Lubricating Oils with the Roller-Disk Geometry Using SRV Test Machine

    Active Standard ASTM D8316 | Developed by Subcommittee: D02.L0

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.05


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 This test method can be used to determine antiwear properties and coefficient of friction of EP lubricating oils at selected temperatures and loads specified for use in slip-rolling contacts in which high-speed vibrational or start-stop motions are present for extended periods of time under initial high Hertzian line contact pressures. It has found application as a screening test for lubricants used in gears, rolling bearings or cam/follower systems. Users of this test method should determine whether results correlate with field performance or other applications. In comparison to the ball-on-disk geometry as per Test Method D6425, the initial contact pressure is better retained over test time in this roller-on-disk geometry.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers an extreme pressure (EP) lubricating oil’s coefficient of friction and its ability to protect against wear when subjected to high-frequency, linear oscillation motion. The test utilizes a roller-on-disc geometry, where the roller is inclined/deflected by 10° to the oscillating movement. The procedure is identical to that described in DIN 51834, Part 4.

    1.2 This test method can also be used to determine the ability of a non-EP lubricating oil to protect against wear and its coefficient of friction under similar test conditions.

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    DIN Standards

    DIN 51631:1999

    DIN 51834-4 Tribological Test in the Translatory Oscillation Apparatus (Part 4: Determination of friction and wear data for lubricating oils with the cylindrical roller-disk geometry)

    DIN 5402-1

    DIN EN ISO 13565-2:1998 Geometrical Product Specifications (GPS) Surface Texture: Profile Method; Surfaces Having Stratified Functional Properties Part 2: Height Characterization using the Linear Material Ratio Curve (replacement of DIN 4776:1990)

    DIN EN ISO 683-17 Heat-treated steels, alloy steels and free-cutting steels Part 17: Ball and roller bearing steels

    ASTM Standards

    A295 Specification for High-Carbon Anti-Friction Bearing Steel

    D235 Specification for Mineral Spirits (Petroleum Spirits) (Hydrocarbon Dry Cleaning Solvent)

    D4175 Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants

    D5182 Test Method for Evaluating the Scuffing Load Capacity of Oils (FZG Visual Method)

    D5706 Test Method for Determining Extreme Pressure Properties of Lubricating Greases Using a High-Frequency, Linear-Oscillation (SRV) Test Machine

    D6425 Test Method for Measuring Friction and Wear Properties of Extreme Pressure (EP) Lubricating Oils Using SRV Test Machine

    D7421 Test Method for Determining Extreme Pressure Properties of Lubricating Oils Using High-Frequency, Linear-Oscillation (SRV) Test Machine

    E45 Test Methods for Determining the Inclusion Content of Steel

    G40 Terminology Relating to Wear and Erosion


    Referencing This Standard
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    DOI: 10.1520/D8316-20

    Citation Format

    ASTM D8316-20, Standard Test Method for Measuring Friction and Wear Properties of Extreme Pressure (EP) Lubricating Oils with the Roller-Disk Geometry Using SRV Test Machine, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2020, www.astm.org

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