ASTM D8288 - 19

    Standard Test Method for Comparison of Metalworking Fluids Using a Tapping Torque Test Machine

    Active Standard ASTM D8288 | Developed by Subcommittee: D02.L0.01

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.05


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 This test method can be used to predict the comparative lubricating properties of a metalworking fluid (MWF).

    5.1.1 Fluids that produce lower torques or higher efficiencies are predicted to have better machining characteristics.

    5.2 The method is applicable to all tap types, machining speeds, alloys and coatings that can be fabricated into a test piece.

    5.3 Comparison between different operating conditions or various types of fluids can be made.

    5.4 The reportable quantity is the efficiency or mean average torque of a reference fluid divided by the mean average torque of the fluid of interest.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method describes a laboratory technique to evaluate the relative performance of metal removal fluids using an instrumented tapping machine that measures and records torque.

    1.1.1 The method is applicable to all tap types, machining speeds, and alloys that can be fabricated into a test piece. Comparison can be made between different operating conditions or various types of fluids including straight and emulsifiable oils, semi-synthetics and synthetic fluids (see Classification D2881).

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard.

    1.2.1 Exception—The units for the threads of the tap, M6, are in metric thread units.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D2881 Classification for Metalworking Fluids and Related Materials

    D4175 Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants

    D5619 Test Method for Comparing Metal Removal Fluids Using the Tapping Torque Test Machine

    D6300 Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants

    D7778 Guide for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method

    E1488 Guide for Statistical Procedures to Use in Developing and Applying Test Methods


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 75.100 (Lubricants, industrial oils and related products)

    Referencing This Standard
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    DOI: 10.1520/D8288-19

    Citation Format

    ASTM D8288-19, Standard Test Method for Comparison of Metalworking Fluids Using a Tapping Torque Test Machine, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2019, www.astm.org

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