ASTM D8274 - 19

    Standard Test Method for Determination of Biodiesel (Fatty Acid Methyl Esters) Content in Diesel Fuel Oil by Portable Rapid Mid-Infrared Analyzer

    Active Standard ASTM D8274 | Developed by Subcommittee: D02.04.0F

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.05


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 Biodiesel is a fuel commodity primarily used as a value-added blending component with diesel fuel. It is important to check the concentration of biodiesel in the diesel fuel in order to make sure it is within limits or does not exceed the maximum allowable limit.

    5.2 This test method is applicable for quality control in the production and distribution of diesel fuel and biodiesel blends.

    5.3 This test is simple to run, completed in less than one minute, with no dilution of the test sample, no cleaning solvents are required, and the analyzer is portable and self-contained.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of the content of biodiesel (fatty acid methyl esters (FAME)) in diesel fuel oils for volume fractions of 0.1 % to 31.0 % by mid-infrared analyzer with a resolution of 0.1 %.

    Note 1: ASTM and ISO specification fuels falling within the scope of this test method include Specifications: D975 grades No. 1D and No. 2D, D7467, distillate grades of D396, MIL-DTL-16884, and distillate grades of marine fuel specification ISO 8217.

    1.2 The accuracy of this test method is based on the molecular weight of C16 and C18 FAME species.

    1.2.1 Discussion—Biodiesel contains a variety of species with different molecular weights. Typical market FAMEs from North America and Europe, which are predominantly soy, rapeseed, and used cooking oil derived FAME were included in the pilot study. FAME derived from coconut, which predominantly contains C12, will over-read by approximately 30 %.

    1.3 It is not possible to distinguish between vegetable oils, animal fats, FAEE, and FAME. For more information, see Section 6.

    1.4 This test method has interim repeatability precision only, see Section 14 for more information.

    1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D86 Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels at Atmospheric Pressure

    D396 Specification for Fuel Oils

    D445 Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)

    D975 Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

    D1298 Test Method for Density, Relative Density, or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method

    D4052 Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter

    D4057 Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

    D4175 Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants

    D4177 Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

    D4307 Practice for Preparation of Liquid Blends for Use as Analytical Standards

    D6299 Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance

    D6300 Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants

    D6751 Specification for Biodiesel Fuel Blend Stock (B100) for Middle Distillate Fuels

    D7371 Test Method for Determination of Biodiesel (Fatty Acid Methyl Esters) Content in Diesel Fuel Oil Using Mid Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR-ATR-PLS Method)

    D7467 Specification for Diesel Fuel Oil, Biodiesel Blend (B6 to B20)

    D7797 Test Method for Determination of the Fatty Acid Methyl Esters Content of Aviation Turbine Fuel Using Flow Analysis by Fourier Transform Infrared SpectroscopyRapid Screening Method

    D7806 Test Method for Determination of the Fatty Acid Methyl Ester (FAME) Content of a Blend of Biodiesel and Petroleum-Based Diesel Fuel Oil Using Mid-Infrared Spectroscopy

    D7963 Test Method for Determination of Contamination Level of Fatty Acid Methyl Esters in Middle Distillate and Residual Fuels Using Flow Analysis by Fourier Transform Infrared SpectroscopyRapid Screening Method

    Other Standard

    MIL-DTL-16884

    ISO Standard

    ISO 8217


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
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    DOI: 10.1520/D8274-19

    Citation Format

    ASTM D8274-19, Standard Test Method for Determination of Biodiesel (Fatty Acid Methyl Esters) Content in Diesel Fuel Oil by Portable Rapid Mid-Infrared Analyzer, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2019, www.astm.org

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