ASTM D8237 - 18

    Standard Test Method for Determining Fatigue Failure of Asphalt-Aggregate Mixtures With the Four-Point Beam Fatigue Device

    Active Standard ASTM D8237 | Developed by Subcommittee: D04.26

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.03


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 The laboratory fatigue life determined by this standard for beam specimens has been used to estimate the fatigue life of asphalt mixture pavement layers under repeated traffic loading. Although the field performance of asphalt mixtures is impacted by many factors (traffic variation, loading rate, and wander; climate variation; rest periods between loads; aging; etc.), it has been more accurately predicted when laboratory properties are known along with an estimate of the strain level induced at the layer depth by the traffic wheel load traveling over the pavement.

    Note 2: The quality of the results produced by this standard are dependent on the competence of the personnel performing the procedure and the capability, calibration, and maintenance of the equipment used. Agencies that meet the criteria of Specification D3666 are generally considered capable of competent and objective testing, sampling, inspection, etc. Users of this standard are cautioned that compliance with Specification D3666 alone does not completely ensure reliable results. Reliable results depend on many factors; following the suggestions of Specification D3666 or some similar acceptable guideline provides a means of evaluating and controlling some of those factors.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method provides a procedure for determining a fatigue curve that is developed using three or more strain levels. The resulting data can be used in the fatigue models for mechanistic-empirical pavement design (that is, Pavement ME). Failure points are determined for estimating the fatigue life of 380 mm long by 50 mm thick by 63 mm in breadth (width) asphalt mixture beam (rectangular prism) specimens sawed from laboratory or field-compacted asphalt mixture, which are subjected to repeated flexural bending.

    1.2 The largest nominal maximum aggregate size (NMAS) recommended for beams 50 mm thick is 19 mm. Beams made with an NMAS greater than 19 mm might significantly interfere with the material response, thereby affecting the repeatability of the test.

    1.3 The text of this standard references notes and footnotes which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the standard.

    1.4 Units—The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard, with the exception of degrees (°) where angle is specified in accordance with IEEE/ASTM SI 10.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D8 Terminology Relating to Materials for Roads and Pavements

    D75/D75M Practice for Sampling Aggregates

    D140/D140M Practice for Sampling Asphalt Materials

    D979/D979M Practice for Sampling Bituminous Paving Mixtures

    D2041/D2041M Test Method for Theoretical Maximum Specific Gravity and Density of Bituminous Paving Mixtures

    D2726/D2726M Test Method for Bulk Specific Gravity and Density of Non-Absorptive Compacted Asphalt Mixtures

    D3203/D3203M Test Method for Percent Air Voids in Compacted Asphalt Mixtures

    D3549/D3549M Test Method for Thickness or Height of Compacted Asphalt Mixture Specimens

    D3666 Specification for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Testing and Inspecting Road and Paving Materials

    D5361/D5361M Practice for Sampling Compacted Asphalt Mixtures for Laboratory Testing

    D7981 Practice for Compaction of Prismatic Asphalt Specimens by Means of the Shear Box Compactor

    D8079 Practice for Preparation of Compacted Slab Asphalt Mix Samples Using a Segmented Rolling Compactor

    E4 Practices for Force Verification of Testing Machines

    E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications

    E2309/E2309M Practices for Verification of Displacement Measuring Systems and Devices Used in Material Testing Machines

    AASHTO Standard

    R 30 Standard Practice for Mixture Conditioning of Hot-Mix Asphalt (HMA)


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 93.080.20 (Road construction materials)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 30121601(Asphalt); 30111800(Aggregates)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
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    DOI: 10.1520/D8237-18

    Citation Format

    ASTM D8237-18, Standard Test Method for Determining Fatigue Failure of Asphalt-Aggregate Mixtures With the Four-Point Beam Fatigue Device, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2018, www.astm.org

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