ASTM D8165 - 17

    Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Load-Carrying Capacity of Lubricants Used in Hypoid Final-Drive Axles Operated under Low-Speed and High-Torque Conditions

    Active Standard ASTM D8165 | Developed by Subcommittee: D02.B0.03

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.05


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 This test method measures a lubricant's ability to protect hypoid final drive axles from abrasive wear, adhesive wear, plastic deformation, and surface fatigue when subjected to low-speed, high-torque conditions. Lack of protection can lead to premature gear or bearing failure, or both.

    5.2 This test method is used, or referred to, in specifications and classifications of rear-axle gear lubricants such as:

    5.2.1 Specification D7450.

    5.2.2 American Petroleum Institute (API) Publication 1560.

    5.2.3 SAE J308.

    5.2.4 SAE J2360.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method, commonly referred to as the L-37-1 test, describes a test procedure for evaluating the load-carrying capacity, wear performance, and extreme pressure properties of a gear lubricant in a hypoid axle under conditions of low-speed, high-torque operation.

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.2.1 Exceptions—Where there is no direct SI equivalent such as National Pipe threads/diameters, tubing size, or where there is a sole source supply equipment specification.

    1.2.1.1 The drawing in Annex A6 is in inch-pound units.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific warning statements are provided in 7.2 and 10.1.

    1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    SAE Standards

    SAE J2360 Automotive Gear Lubricants for Commercial and Military Use

    SAE J308 Information Report on Axle and Manual Transmission Lubricants

    API Standard

    API 1560 Lubricant Service Designations for Automotive Manual Transmissions, Manual Transaxles, and Axles

    ASTM Standards

    D235 Specification for Mineral Spirits (Petroleum Spirits) (Hydrocarbon Dry Cleaning Solvent)

    D4175 Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants

    D6121 Test Method for Evaluation of Load-Carrying Capacity of Lubricants Under Conditions of Low Speed and High Torque Used for Final Hypoid Drive Axles

    D7450 Specification for Performance of Rear Axle Gear Lubricants Intended for API Category GL-5 Service

    E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 75.100 (Lubricants, industrial oils and related products)

    Referencing This Standard
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    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D8165-17

    Citation Format

    ASTM D8165-17, Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Load-Carrying Capacity of Lubricants Used in Hypoid Final-Drive Axles Operated under Low-Speed and High-Torque Conditions , ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2017, www.astm.org

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