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Significance and Use
5.1 This test method measures a lubricant's ability to protect hypoid final drive axles from abrasive wear, adhesive wear, plastic deformation, and surface fatigue when subjected to low-speed, high-torque conditions. Lack of protection can lead to premature gear or bearing failure, or both.
5.2 This test method is used, or referred to, in specifications and classifications of rear-axle gear lubricants such as:
5.2.1 Specification .
5.2.2 American Petroleum Institute (API) Publication 1560.
5.2.3 SAE J308.
5.2.4 SAE J2360.
1.1 This test method, commonly referred to as the L-37-1 test, describes a test procedure for evaluating the load-carrying capacity, wear performance, and extreme pressure properties of a gear lubricant in a hypoid axle under conditions of low-speed, high-torque operation.
1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.2.1 Exceptions—Where there is no direct SI equivalent such as National Pipe threads/diameters, tubing size, or where there is a sole source supply equipment specification.
188.8.131.52 The drawing in is in inch-pound units.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific warning statements are provided in and .
1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D235 Specification for Mineral Spirits (Petroleum Spirits) (Hydrocarbon Dry Cleaning Solvent)
D4175 Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
D6121 Test Method for Evaluation of Load-Carrying Capacity of Lubricants Under Conditions of Low Speed and High Torque Used for Final Hypoid Drive Axles
D7450 Specification for Performance of Rear Axle Gear Lubricants Intended for API Category GL-5 Service
E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
API StandardAPI 1560 Lubricant Service Designations for Automotive Manual Transmissions, Manual Transaxles, and Axles
SAE StandardsSAE J2360 Automotive Gear Lubricants for Commercial and Military Use SAE J308 Information Report on Axle and Manual Transmission Lubricants
ICS Number Code 75.100 (Lubricants, industrial oils and related products)
|Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)|
ASTM D8165-21, Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Load-Carrying Capacity of Lubricants Used in Hypoid Final-Drive Axles Operated under Low-Speed and High-Torque Conditions, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2021, www.astm.orgBack to Top