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Significance and Use
7.1 Accurate elemental analysis of petroleum products and lubricants is necessary for the determination of chemical properties, which are used to establish compliance with commercial and regulatory specifications.
7.2 Ion chromatography is often used in cases where anion content of the material is desired. Some of the hetero-atoms can be converted by combustion in an oxygen atmosphere followed by aqueous dissolution to convert them into anions before ion chromatographic determination. A number of ion chromatographic ASTM standards issued are listed in Section . Of these, the D02, D05, and D16 Committee standards which use ion chromatography are listed in .
1.1 This practice covers the information on calibration, quality control, and operational guidance for anionic measurements using ion chromatography (IC).
1.2 IC Related Standards—Chemically or electrolytically regenerated suppressed ion chromatography standards for aqueous matrices include Test Methods , , , , , , , , , , , , , and ; IC instrumentation requirements are described in Practices , and .
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D86 Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels at Atmospheric Pressure
D975 Specification for Diesel Fuel
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
D2988 Test Methods for Water-Soluble Halide Ion in Halogenated Organic Solvents and Their Admixtures
D4057 Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
D4177 Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
D4327 Test Method for Anions in Water by Suppressed Ion Chromatography
D5085 Test Method for Determination of Chloride, Nitrate, and Sulfate in Atmospheric Wet Deposition by Chemically Suppressed Ion Chromatography
D5542 Test Methods for Trace Anions in High Purity Water by Ion Chromatography
D5827 Test Method for Analysis of Engine Coolant for Chloride and Other Anions by Ion Chromatography
D5987 Test Method for Total Fluorine in Coal and Coke by Pyrohydrolytic Extraction and Ion Selective Electrode or Ion Chromatograph Methods
D5996 Test Method for Measuring Anionic Contaminants in High-Purity Water by On-Line Ion Chromatography
D6299 Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
D6581 Test Methods for Bromate, Bromide, Chlorate, and Chlorite in Drinking Water by Suppressed Ion Chromatography
D6751 Specification for Biodiesel Fuel Blend Stock (B100) for Middle Distillate Fuels
D6792 Practice for Quality Management Systems in Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants Testing Laboratories
D7318 Test Method for Existent Inorganic Sulfate in Ethanol by Potentiometric Titration
D7319 Test Method for Determination of Existent and Potential Sulfate and Inorganic Chloride in Fuel Ethanol and Butanol by Direct Injection Suppressed Ion Chromatography
D7328 Test Method for Determination of Existent and Potential Inorganic Sulfate and Total Inorganic Chloride in Fuel Ethanol by Ion Chromatography Using Aqueous Sample Injection
D7359 Test Method for Total Fluorine, Chlorine and Sulfur in Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Their Mixtures by Oxidative Pyrohydrolytic Combustion followed by Ion Chromatography Detection (Combustion Ion Chromatography-CIC)
D7591 Test Method for Determination of Free and Total Glycerin in Biodiesel Blends by Anion Exchange Chromatography
D7773 Test Method for Determination of Volatile Inorganic Acids (HCl, HBr, and HNO3) Using Filter Sampling and Suppressed Ion Chromatography
E1151 Practice for Ion Chromatography Terms and Relationships
E1511 Practice for Testing Conductivity Detectors Used in Liquid and Ion Chromatography
ICS Number Code 75.080 (Petroleum products in general); 75.100 (Lubricants, industrial oils and related products)
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ASTM D8149-20, Standard Practice for Optimization, Calibration, and Validation of Ion Chromatographic Determination of Heteroatoms and Anions in Petroleum Products and Lubricants, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2020, www.astm.orgBack to Top