ASTM D8147 - 17

    Standard Specification for Special-Purpose Test Fuels for Aviation Compression-Ignition Engines

    Active Standard ASTM D8147 | Developed by Subcommittee: D02.J0.02

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.05


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    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification is intended to support purchasing agencies when formulating specifications for purchases of aviation distillate fuel under contract.

    1.2 This specification defines specialized property requirements to produce special-purpose aviation distillate test fuels that are intended only for engineering and certification testing of aircraft, engines, and aircraft equipment. Use of this specification for engineering and certification testing of aircraft is not mandatory. Its use is at the discretion of the aircraft manufacturer, engine manufacturer, or certification authorities when determining criteria for validation of aircraft equipment design.

    1.3 This specification defines special-purpose test fuels that may be used to evaluate the operability, performance and durability of aviation compression-ignition engines when operating with fuels of marginal performance. The aviation distillate test fuels defined in this specification are not intended for general purpose use in aircraft. This specification also lists acceptable additives for aviation distillate special-purpose test fuels.

    1.4 Specification D8147 is directed at civil applications, and maintained as such, but may be adopted for military, government, or other specialized uses.

    1.5 This specification can be used as a standard in describing the quality of aviation distillate fuel from production to the aircraft. However, this specification does not define the quality assurance testing and procedures necessary to ensure that fuel continues to comply with this specification after batch certification.

    1.6 This specification does not include all fuels satisfactory for aviation compression-ignition (CI) engines.

    1.7 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard.

    1.7.1 Exception—Other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.9 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D56 Test Method for Flash Point by Tag Closed Cup Tester

    D86 Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels at Atmospheric Pressure

    D93 Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester

    D130 Test Method for Corrosiveness to Copper from Petroleum Products by Copper Strip Test

    D381 Test Method for Gum Content in Fuels by Jet Evaporation

    D445 Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)

    D1266 Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products (Lamp Method)

    D1298 Test Method for Density, Relative Density, or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method

    D1319 Test Method for Hydrocarbon Types in Liquid Petroleum Products by Fluorescent Indicator Adsorption

    D1322 Test Method for Smoke Point of Kerosine and Aviation Turbine Fuel

    D1655 Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuels

    D1840 Test Method for Naphthalene Hydrocarbons in Aviation Turbine Fuels by Ultraviolet Spectrophotometry

    D2276 Test Method for Particulate Contaminant in Aviation Fuel by Line Sampling

    D2386 Test Method for Freezing Point of Aviation Fuels

    D2622 Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

    D2624 Test Methods for Electrical Conductivity of Aviation and Distillate Fuels

    D2887 Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography

    D3120 Test Method for Trace Quantities of Sulfur in Light Liquid Petroleum Hydrocarbons by Oxidative Microcoulometry

    D3227 Test Method for (Thiol Mercaptan) Sulfur in Gasoline, Kerosine, Aviation Turbine, and Distillate Fuels (Potentiometric Method)

    D3240 Test Method for Undissolved Water In Aviation Turbine Fuels

    D3241 Test Method for Thermal Oxidation Stability of Aviation Turbine Fuels

    D3242 Test Method for Acidity in Aviation Turbine Fuel

    D3338 Test Method for Estimation of Net Heat of Combustion of Aviation Fuels

    D3828 Test Methods for Flash Point by Small Scale Closed Cup Tester

    D3948 Test Method for Determining Water Separation Characteristics of Aviation Turbine Fuels by Portable Separometer

    D4052 Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter

    D4171 Specification for Fuel System Icing Inhibitors

    D4176 Test Method for Free Water and Particulate Contamination in Distillate Fuels (Visual Inspection Procedures)

    D4294 Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum and Petroleum Products by Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

    D4529 Test Method for Estimation of Net Heat of Combustion of Aviation Fuels

    D4809 Test Method for Heat of Combustion of Liquid Hydrocarbon Fuels by Bomb Calorimeter (Precision Method)

    D4952 Test Method for Qualitative Analysis for Active Sulfur Species in Fuels and Solvents (Doctor Test)

    D5006 Test Method for Measurement of Fuel System Icing Inhibitors (Ether Type) in Aviation Fuels

    D5453 Test Method for Determination of Total Sulfur in Light Hydrocarbons, Spark Ignition Engine Fuel, Diesel Engine Fuel, and Engine Oil by Ultraviolet Fluorescence

    D5972 Test Method for Freezing Point of Aviation Fuels (Automatic Phase Transition Method)

    D6079 Test Method for Evaluating Lubricity of Diesel Fuels by the High-Frequency Reciprocating Rig (HFRR)

    D6379 Test Method for Determination of Aromatic Hydrocarbon Types in Aviation Fuels and Petroleum DistillatesHigh Performance Liquid Chromatography Method with Refractive Index Detection

    D6890 Test Method for Determination of Ignition Delay and Derived Cetane Number (DCN) of Diesel Fuel Oils by Combustion in a Constant Volume Chamber

    D7042 Test Method for Dynamic Viscosity and Density of Liquids by Stabinger Viscometer (and the Calculation of Kinematic Viscosity)

    D7153 Test Method for Freezing Point of Aviation Fuels (Automatic Laser Method)

    D7154 Test Method for Freezing Point of Aviation Fuels (Automatic Fiber Optical Method)

    D7345 Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels at Atmospheric Pressure (Micro Distillation Method)

    D7524 Test Method for Determination of Static Dissipater Additives (SDA) in Aviation Turbine Fuel and Middle Distillate FuelsHigh Performance Liquid Chromatograph (HPLC) Method

    E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 75.160.20 (Liquid fuels)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 15101504(Aviation fuel)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D8147-17

    Citation Format

    ASTM D8147-17, Standard Specification for Special-Purpose Test Fuels for Aviation Compression-Ignition Engines, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2017, www.astm.org

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