ASTM D8133 - 18

    Standard Test Method for Determination of Low Level Phthalates in Poly(Vinyl Chloride) Plastics by Solvent Extraction—Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry

    Active Standard ASTM D8133 | Developed by Subcommittee: D20.70

    Book of Standards Volume: 08.03


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 Identification and Quantification of Phthalates—DBP, BBP, DEHP, DNOP, DINP and DIDP are representative of the phthalates either banned or being monitored by a variety of regulations. Regulations include: EU—Directive 2005/84/EC, US—Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008 – section 108, Japan—Health, Labor and Welfare Ministry guideline No. 336 (2010) and IEC 62321-8:2017. These test methods provide a procedure to identify and quantify phthalates in PVC.

    5.2 Other techniques successfully used to separate and identify phthalates in PVC include TD-GC/MS (ASTM D7823), GC/MS, HPLC/UV, HPLC/MS, FTIR, and GC/FID (flame ionization detector).

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method provides a procedure to quantify six phthalates by solvent extraction of plasticized PVC articles followed by analysis of the extract by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Six phthalates, BBP, DBP, DEHP, DNOP, DINP, and DIDP, are used to illustrate how to implement the method.

    Note 1: The method can be extended to other phthalates in a wide range of polymeric substrates.

    1.2 Within the context of this method, “low level” is defined as 1000 ppm.

    1.3 The values in SI units are to be regarded as standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    Note 2: There is no known ISO equivalent to this standard.

    1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics

    D1600 Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to Plastics

    D3465 Test Method for Purity of Monomeric Plasticizers by Gas Chromatography

    D7083 Practice for Determination of Monomeric Plasticizers in Poly (Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) by Gas Chromatography

    D7823 Test Method for Determination of Low Level Phthalates in Poly (Vinyl Chloride) Plastics by Thermal DesorptionGas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry

    D7993 Guide for Analyzing Complex Phthalates

    E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods

    E355 Practice for Gas Chromatography Terms and Relationships

    E594 Practice for Testing Flame Ionization Detectors Used in Gas or Supercritical Fluid Chromatography

    E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 83.080.20 (Thermoplastic materials)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 13102030(Polyvinyl Chloride PVC)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D8133-18

    Citation Format

    ASTM D8133-18, Standard Test Method for Determination of Low Level Phthalates in Poly(Vinyl Chloride) Plastics by Solvent Extraction—Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2018, www.astm.org

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