ASTM D8115 - 17

    Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Abrasion Resistance (Multi-Directional Platform Abrader)

    Active Standard ASTM D8115 | Developed by Subcommittee: D11.15

    Book of Standards Volume: 09.01


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 Abrasion resistance is a performance factor of paramount importance for many rubber products, such as tires, conveyor belts, power transmission belts, hoses, footwear, and floor covering. A test capable of measuring resistance to abrasion of rubber, including uniformity of wear behavior under abrasive/frictional service conditions is therefore highly desirable.

    5.2 This test method may be used to estimate the relative abrasion resistance of different rubbers. Since conditions of abrasive wear in service are complex and vary widely, no direct correlation between this accelerated test and actual performance can be assumed.

    5.3 This test method is suitable for comparative testing, quality control, specification compliance testing, referee purposes, and research and development work.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the measurement of abrasion resistance of rubbers (vulcanized thermoset rubbers and thermoplastic elastomers) that are subject to abrasive/frictional wear in actual service. The abrasion resistance is measured by simultaneously moving 4 test pieces across the surface of abrasive sheets in a soft lissajous movement, and is expressed as volume loss in cubic millimeters where a smaller number indicates better abrasion resistance.

    1.2 Test results obtained by this test method shall not be assumed to represent the wear behavior of rubber products in actual service.

    1.3 Results obtained by this test have shown to be similar to those obtained using Test Method D5963 and ISO 4649.

    1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values in parentheses are for information only.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D297 Test Methods for Rubber ProductsChemical Analysis

    D2240 Test Method for Rubber PropertyDurometer Hardness

    D5963 Test Method for Rubber PropertyAbrasion Resistance (Rotary Drum Abrader)

    E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods

    E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method

    ISO Standards

    ISO 2781 Rubber, VulcanizedDetermination of Density

    ISO 7619 RubberDetermination of Indentation Hardness by Means of Pocket Hardness Meters

    ISO 868 Plastics and EboniteDetermination of Indentation Hardness by Means of a Durometer (Shore Hardness)


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 83.060 (Rubber)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 13101700(Elastomers)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
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    DOI: 10.1520/D8115-17

    Citation Format

    ASTM D8115-17, Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Abrasion Resistance (Multi-Directional Platform Abrader), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2017, www.astm.org

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