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Significance and Use
4.1 The purpose of this classification system is to provide a method of adequately identifying plastic films using a system that applies universally for plastic films. It further provides a means for specifying these films by the use of a simple line call-out designation.
4.2 This classification system was developed to permit the addition of additional film products and property values.
4.3 It is intended that the classification of plastic sheeting, >0.25 mm [0.010 in.] thickness, multi-layer structures, blends, and other variants will be addressed in related standards.
1.1 This standard provides a classification system for tabulating the properties of unfilled, single-layer plastic films.
Note 1: The classification system serves many of the needs of industries using plastic films. The standard is subject to revision as the need requires; therefore, the latest revision should always be used.
Note 2: Film is defined in Terminology as an optional term for sheeting having a nominal thickness no greater than 0.25 mm [0.010 in.].
1.2 The classification system and subsequent line call-out (specification) is intended to be a means of identifying plastic films used for applications including industrial, packaging, construction, and agriculture. It is not intended for the selection of materials to be used in films. This selection should be made by those having expertise in the plastics field after careful consideration of the end-use requirements, the environment to which the films will be exposed, the fabrication process to be employed, the inherent properties of the material not covered in this document, and the economic factors.
1.3 This classification system is based on the premise that plastic films can be arranged into broad generic families based on materials with similar composition using basic film properties. A system is thus established which, together with values describing additional requirements, permits as complete a description as desired of the selected film.
1.4 In all cases where the provisions of this classification system would conflict with the referenced ASTM specification for a particular film product, the latter shall take precedence.
Note 3: It is strongly recommended that this classification system be used for all new applications and specifications and that the specification of films using existing standards be expeditiously withdrawn or converted to this classification system.
1.5 This classification system applies to commercial products and, as such, there is no control over the manufacturing parameters employed in producing the film. It shall be the responsibility of those developing the specification documents utilizing this classification system to identify the critical parameters and values to be used for the cell classifications and suffix requirements.
1.6 Units—The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.
1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
Note 4: There is no known ISO equivalent to this standard.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D149 Test Method for Dielectric Breakdown Voltage and Dielectric Strength of Solid Electrical Insulating Materials at Commercial Power Frequencies
D150 Test Methods for AC Loss Characteristics and Permittivity (Dielectric Constant) of Solid Electrical Insulation
D257 Test Methods for DC Resistance or Conductance of Insulating Materials
D774/D774M Test Method for Bursting Strength of Paper
D882 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Thin Plastic Sheeting
D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics
D1003 Test Method for Haze and Luminous Transmittance of Transparent Plastics
D1004 Test Method for Tear Resistance (Graves Tear) of Plastic Film and Sheeting
D1203 Test Methods for Volatile Loss From Plastics Using Activated Carbon Methods
D1204 Test Method for Linear Dimensional Changes of Nonrigid Thermoplastic Sheeting or Film at Elevated Temperature
D1239 Test Method for Resistance of Plastic Films to Extraction by Chemicals
D1434 Test Method for Determining Gas Permeability Characteristics of Plastic Film and Sheeting
D1709 Test Methods for Impact Resistance of Plastic Film by the Free-Falling Dart Method
D1746 Test Method for Transparency of Plastic Sheeting
D1790 Test Method for Brittleness Temperature of Plastic Sheeting by Impact
D1894 Test Method for Static and Kinetic Coefficients of Friction of Plastic Film and Sheeting
D1922 Test Method for Propagation Tear Resistance of Plastic Film and Thin Sheeting by Pendulum Method
D1938 Test Method for Tear-Propagation Resistance (Trouser Tear) of Plastic Film and Thin Sheeting by a Single-Tear Method
D2176 Test Method for Folding Endurance of Paper and Plastics Film by the M.I.T. Tester
D2275 Test Method for Voltage Endurance of Solid Electrical Insulating Materials Subjected to Partial Discharges (Corona) on the Surface
D2305 Test Methods for Polymeric Films Used for Electrical Insulation
D2457 Test Method for Specular Gloss of Plastic Films and Solid Plastics
D2578 Test Method for Wetting Tension of Polyethylene and Polypropylene Films
D2582 Test Method for Puncture-Propagation Tear Resistance of Plastic Film and Thin Sheeting
D2732 Test Method for Unrestrained Linear Thermal Shrinkage of Plastic Film and Sheeting
D2838 Test Method for Shrink Tension and Orientation Release Stress of Plastic Film and Thin Sheeting
D2923 Test Method for Rigidity of Polyolefin Film and Sheeting
D3354 Test Method for Blocking Load of Plastic Film by the Parallel Plate Method
D3417 Test Method for Enthalpies of Fusion and Crystallization of Polymers by Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC)
D3420 Test Method for Pendulum Impact Resistance of Plastic Film
D3801 Test Method for Measuring the Comparative Burning Characteristics of Solid Plastics in a Vertical Position
D3892 Practice for Packaging/Packing of Plastics
D3985 Test Method for Oxygen Gas Transmission Rate Through Plastic Film and Sheeting Using a Coulometric Sensor
D4272/D4272M Test Method for Total Energy Impact of Plastic Films by Dart Drop
D5946 Test Method for Corona-Treated Polymer Films Using Water Contact Angle Measurements
D6988 Guide for Determination of Thickness of Plastic Film Test Specimens
D7192 Test Method for High Speed Puncture Properties of Plastic Films Using Load and Displacement Sensors
D7209 Guide for Waste Reduction, Resource Recovery, and Use of Recycled Polymeric Materials and Products
E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
E96/E96M Test Methods for Water Vapor Transmission of Materials
F88 Test Method for Seal Strength of Flexible Barrier Materials
ICS Number Code 01.040.83 (Rubber and plastics industries (Vocabularies)); 83.080.10 (Thermosetting materials)
UNSPSC Code 13111200(Films)
|Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)|
ASTM D8065 / D8065M-16, Standard Classification System and Basis for Specification for Specifying Plastic Films, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2016, www.astm.orgBack to Top