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Significance and Use
5.1 Synthesized iso-paraffins (SIP) fuel are being approved for blending with jet fuel provided that they meet a purity specification of more than 97 % farnesane, more than 98 % saturated hydrocarbons, and less than 1.5 % hexahydrofarnesol in accordance with Specification . This test method provides a method of determining the percentage of farnesane (purity) in the synthesized iso-paraffins (SIP) fuel for blending with jet fuel.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of farnesane (2,6,10-trimethyldodecane), saturated hydrocarbons, and hexahydrofarnesol content in synthesized iso-paraffins (SIP) fuel for blending with jet fuel by gas chromatography.
1.2 Farnesane is determined from 96 % to 99.9 % by mass. Sum of saturated hydrocarbons including farnesane is determined from 97 % to 99.9 % by mass, and hexahydrofarnesol is determined from 0.02 % to 2.0 % by mass.
1.3 This test method does identify and quantify main impurities or group type of impurities but does not purport to identify all individual components that can be present in synthesized iso-paraffins (SIP) fuel for jet fuel blending.
1.4 This test method is inappropriate for impurities that boil at temperatures higher than 460 °C or for impurities that cause poor or no response in a flame ionization detector.
1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D4057 Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
D4307 Practice for Preparation of Liquid Blends for Use as Analytical Standards
D7566 Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuel Containing Synthesized Hydrocarbons
E355 Practice for Gas Chromatography Terms and Relationships
E594 Practice for Testing Flame Ionization Detectors Used in Gas or Supercritical Fluid Chromatography
ICS Number Code 75.160.20 (Liquid fuels)
UNSPSC Code 12352001(Alkanes); 15101506(Gasoline or Petrol)
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ASTM D7974-21, Standard Test Method for Determination of Farnesane, Saturated Hydrocarbons, and Hexahydrofarnesol Content of Synthesized Iso-Paraffins (SIP) Fuel for Blending with Jet Fuel by Gas Chromatography, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2021, www.astm.orgBack to Top