ASTM D7971 - 15

    Standard Guide for Measuring Roundness of Glass Spheres Using a Flowing Stream Digital Image Analyzer

    Active Standard ASTM D7971 | Developed by Subcommittee: D01.44

    Book of Standards Volume: 06.02


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 The roundness of glass beads has a significant influence on the retroreflective efficiency of a pavement marking system.

    4.2 The guide is for the characterization of the roundness of glass beads for the purpose of compliance testing against standard specification for glass beads in pavement marking applications.

    4.3 While there are potential industrial applications for this guide beyond the measurement of roundness of glass beads for pavement markings, those are beyond the scope of this standard.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This guide covers the determination of the roundness of glass spheres used in pavement marking systems using a flowing stream digital analyzer. Typical gradations for pavement marking systems are defined in ranges from Type 0 through 5 in AASHTO M247.

    1.2 This guide provides for the presentation of roundness data in a variety of formats to the requirement of the agency pavement marking material specification. For most specifications the standard format is to present the roundness data as Percent True Spheres relative to a series of standard ASTM sieve sizes.

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    B215 Practices for Sampling Metal Powders

    AASHTO Standard

    AASHTO M247 Standard Glass Beads Used in Traffic Markings

    ISO Standards

    ISO 13322–1 Particle size analysis -- Image analysis methods -- Part 1: Static image analysis methods

    ISO 9276–6 Representation of results of particle size analysis -- Part 6: Descriptive and quantitative representation of particle shape and morphology


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 93.080.20 (Road construction materials)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 30171700(Glass products)


    Referencing This Standard
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    DOI: 10.1520/D7971-15

    Citation Format

    ASTM D7971-15, Standard Guide for Measuring Roundness of Glass Spheres Using a Flowing Stream Digital Image Analyzer, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2015, www.astm.org

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