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    ASTM D7920 - 21

    Standard Test Method for Determination of Fuel Methanol (M99) and Methanol Fuel Blends (M10 to M99) by Gas Chromatography

    Active Standard ASTM D7920 | Developed by Subcommittee: D02.04.0L

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.04


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 Methanol is used in blends with gasoline at levels of 70 % to 85 % by volume, as specified in Specification D5797. This test method provides a quantitative approach to measure the methanol content in methanol fuel blends, from 10 % to 99 % by volume. The usual concentration is 70 % to 85 % by volume (M70 to M85). The method is also used to analyze fuel methanol (M99) prior to blending.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of the methanol content, by gas chromatography, of M10 to M99 in methanol fuel blends, including fuel methanol (M99).

    1.1.1 Methanol may be determined from 10 % to 99 % by volume.

    1.2 This test method is designed to measure not only methanol in the blended gasoline but also the impurities in fuel methanol (M99) itself in the range of 5 mg/kg to 1000 mg/kg. However, not all impurities are measured nor detected by this test method.

    1.2.1 Water cannot be determined by this test method and shall be measured by a procedure such as Test Method D1364 and the result used to correct the concentrations determined by this test method.

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1364 Test Method for Water in Volatile Solvents (Karl Fischer Reagent Titration Method)

    D4057 Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

    D4175 Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants

    D4307 Practice for Preparation of Liquid Blends for Use as Analytical Standards

    D4626 Practice for Calculation of Gas Chromatographic Response Factors

    D4814 Specification for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel

    D5797 Specification for Methanol Fuel Blends (M51M85) for Methanol-Capable Automotive Spark-Ignition Engines

    D6299 Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance

    E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications

    E355 Practice for Gas Chromatography Terms and Relationships

    E594 Practice for Testing Flame Ionization Detectors Used in Gas or Supercritical Fluid Chromatography

    E1064 Test Method for Water in Organic Liquids by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration

    E1510 Practice for Installing Fused Silica Open Tubular Capillary Columns in Gas Chromatographs


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 75.160.20 (Liquid fuels)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 15100000(Fuels)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D7920-21

    Citation Format

    ASTM D7920-21, Standard Test Method for Determination of Fuel Methanol (M99) and Methanol Fuel Blends (M10 to M99) by Gas Chromatography, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2021, www.astm.org

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