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Significance and Use
5.1 The behavior of the bond between concrete and FRP reinforcing bars is an important performance aspect that has been used in material specifications and design standards. This test method serves as a means for uniformly preparing specimens and testing FRP bar-to-concrete bond, and for providing a standard method to calculate, evaluate and report bond strength.
5.2 This test method for measuring bond strength by pullout testing is intended for use in laboratory tests in which the principal variable is the size or type of FRP bars.
Note 1: This test method should not be used to establish design bond values and development lengths for FRP bars embedded in concrete, as it does not represent the state of bond stress observed in concrete flexural members reinforced with FRP bars. See Test Method for a beam-end test configuration, used for determining bond stress in steel bars.
5.3 This test method is intended to determine the bond behavior for material specifications, research and development. The bond behavior will be specimen-configuration dependent, which may affect both analysis and design. The primary test result is the bond strength of the specimen to normal weight concrete.
5.4 This test method may also be used to determine the conformance of a product or a treatment to a requirement relating to its effect on the bond developed between FRP bar and concrete. The result obtained from this test method should be used only for comparative purposes to compare parameters or variables of bond strength. The method may be used as part of a protocol to establish long-term environmental effects on bond to concrete, including environmental reduction factors for FRP bars embedded in concrete.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of the bond strength of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composite bars used as reinforcing bars or pre-stressing tendons in concrete.
1.2 Two procedures for casting test specimens are provided. The first procedure aligns the bar with the concrete casting direction. The second procedure aligns the bar’s transverse to the concrete casting direction.
1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A944 Test Method for Comparing Bond Strength of Steel Reinforcing Bars to Concrete Using Beam-End Specimens
C33/C33M Specification for Concrete Aggregates
C39/C39M Test Method for Compressive Strength of Cylindrical Concrete Specimens
C143/C143M Test Method for Slump of Hydraulic-Cement Concrete
C150/C150M Specification for Portland Cement
C192/C192M Practice for Making and Curing Concrete Test Specimens in the Laboratory
C293/C293M Test Method for Flexural Strength of Concrete (Using Simple Beam With Center-Point Loading)
C511 Specification for Mixing Rooms, Moist Cabinets, Moist Rooms, and Water Storage Tanks Used in the Testing of Hydraulic Cements and Concretes
C617/C617M Practice for Capping Cylindrical Concrete Specimens
D792 Test Methods for Density and Specific Gravity (Relative Density) of Plastics by Displacement
D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics
D3878 Terminology for Composite Materials
D5229/D5229M Test Method for Moisture Absorption Properties and Equilibrium Conditioning of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials
D7205/D7205M Test Method for Tensile Properties of Fiber Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composite Bars
D7705 Test Method for Alkali Resistance of Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Matrix Composite Bars used in Concrete Construction
E4 Practices for Force Verification of Testing Machines
E6 Terminology Relating to Methods of Mechanical Testing
E83 Practice for Verification and Classification of Extensometer Systems
E122 Practice for Calculating Sample Size to Estimate, With Specified Precision, the Average for a Characteristic of a Lot or Process
E456 Terminology Relating to Quality and Statistics
E1012 Practice for Verification of Testing Frame and Specimen Alignment Under Tensile and Compressive Axial Force Application
F2203 Test Method for Linear Measurement Using Precision Steel Rule
ICS Number Code 83.120 (Reinforced plastics); 91.080.40 (Concrete structures)
UNSPSC Code 30111900(Concrete reinforcement hardware); 30111500(Concrete and mortars)
|Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)|
ASTM D7913 / D7913M-14(2020), Standard Test Method for Bond Strength of Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composite Bars to Concrete by Pullout Testing, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2020, www.astm.orgBack to Top