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This specification covers dimethyl ether (DME) for use as a fuel in engines specifically designed or modified for DME and for blending with liquefied petroleum gas. It is intended for use by DME manufacturers, purpose-built engine developers, in contracts for the purchase of DME for fuel purposes, and for the guidance of consumers of this type of fuel. This specification includes chemical composition and other requirements, sampling, and test methods.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification covers dimethyl ether (DME) for use as a fuel in engines specifically designed or modified for DME and for blending with liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). This specification is for use by manufacturers of dimethyl ether, by engine developers of purpose-built engines, in contracts for the purchase of DME for fuel purposes, and for the guidance of consumers of this type of fuel.
Note 1: The generation and dissipation of static electricity can create problems in the handling of DME. For more information on the subject, see Guide .
1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. Units in parentheses are for information only.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1265 Practice for Sampling Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases, Manual Method
D1267 Test Method for Gage Vapor Pressure of Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases (LP-Gas Method)
D1838 Test Method for Copper Strip Corrosion by Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases
D2158 Test Method for Residues in Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases
D2163 Test Method for Determination of Hydrocarbons in Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases and Propane/Propene Mixtures by Gas Chromatography
D3700 Practice for Obtaining LPG Samples Using a Floating Piston Cylinder
D4865 Guide for Generation and Dissipation of Static Electricity in Petroleum Fuel Systems
D6667 Test Method for Determination of Total Volatile Sulfur in Gaseous Hydrocarbons and Liquefied Petroleum Gases by Ultraviolet Fluorescence
D6897 Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Liquefied Petroleum Gases (LPG) (Expansion Method)
D7756 Test Method for Residues in Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases by Gas Chromatography with Liquid, On-Column Injection
D7828 Test Method for Determination of Residue Composition in Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Using Automated Thermal Desorption/Gas Chromatography (ATD/GC)
Other DocumentsISO 17197 Dimethyl ether (DME) for fuels--Determination of water content--Karl Fischer titration method Available from International Organization for Standardization (ISO), 1, ch. de la Voie-Creuse, CP 56, CH-1211 Geneva 20, Switzerland, http://www.iso.org. ISO/DIS 17196 Dimethyl ether (DME) for fuels--Determination of impurities--Gas chromatographic method NFPA 77 Recommended Practice on Static Electricity Available from National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), 1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02169-7471, http://www.nfpa.org.
ICS Number Code 71.080.60 (Alcohols. Ethers); 75.160.20 (Liquid fuels)
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ASTM D7901-14b, Standard Specification for Dimethyl Ether for Fuel Purposes, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2014, www.astm.orgBack to Top