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This specification establishes the properties and requirements for the pigment commercially known as "zinc white" or zinc oxide, which may be purchased either in the dry or paste in oil forms. Dry pigments, which may be processed either by the French process or American process, shall conform individually to required compositions of zinc oxide, total sulfur, moisture and other volatile matter, total impurities (including moisture and other volatile matter), and coarse particles (total residue retained on a No. 325 sieve). Conversely, pigments in the paste in oil form shall adhere to required composition of the pigment, linseed oil, moisture and other volatile matter, and coarse particles and skins (total residue retained on a No. 325 sieve). Pigments shall also be tested for tinting strength, and oil absorption by Gardner-Coleman and spatula rub-out methods.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
Significance and Use
3.1 Zinc oxide functions as both a chemical and a pigment. It is used in a variety of applications including rubber, paint, reprography, glass, chemicals, etc. In paint, it contributes to mildew protection, ultraviolet absorption, hiding power, and neutralization of acids formed upon oxidation of the paint film.
1.1 This specification covers the pigments commercially known as “zinc white” or zinc oxide. The pigments may be purchased in the dry form or as a paste in oil.
Note 1: Zinc oxides are used in many industries. For additional information, see Classification and Test Methods for descriptions of zinc oxide use in rubber compounding.
1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D185 Test Methods for Coarse Particles in Pigments
D280 Test Methods for Hygroscopic Moisture (and Other Matter Volatile Under the Test Conditions) in Pigments
D281 Test Method for Oil Absorption of Pigments by Spatula Rub-out
D332 Test Method for Relative Tinting Strength of White Pigments by Visual Observation
D1483 Test Method for Oil Absorption of Pigments by Gardner-Coleman Method
D2745 Test Method for Relative Tinting Strength of White Pigments by Reflectance Measurements
D3280 Test Methods for Analysis of White Zinc Pigments
D4295 Classification for Rubber Compounding Materials--Zinc Oxide
D4315 Test Methods for Rubber Compounding Material--Zinc Oxide
E20 Practice for Particle Size Analysis of Particulate Substances in the Range of 0.2 to 75 Micrometres by Optical Microscopy
ICS Number Code 87.060.10 (Pigments and extenders)
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ASTM D79-86(2014), Standard Specification for Zinc Oxide Pigments, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2014, www.astm.orgBack to Top