ASTM D7800 / D7800M - 14

    Standard Test Method for Determination of Elemental Sulfur in Natural Gas

    Active Standard ASTM D7800 / D7800M | Developed by Subcommittee: D03.05

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.06


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 Elemental sulfur impacts the quality of pipeline natural gas and deposits on pipeline flanges, fittings and valves, thereby impacting their performance. Natural gas suppliers and distributers require a standardized test method for measuring elemental sulfur. Some government regulators are also interested in measuring elemental sulfur since it would provide a means for assessing the contribution of elemental sulfur in pipelines to the SOx emission inventory from burning of gaseous fuels. Use of this method in concert with sulfur gas laboratory test methods such as Test Methods D4084, D4468, D5504, and D6228 or on-line methods such as D7165 or D7166 can provide users with a comprehensive sulfur compound profile for natural gas or other gaseous fuels. Other applications may include elemental sulfur in particulate deposits such as diesel exhausts.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method is primarily for the determination of elemental sulfur in natural gas pipelines, but it may be applied to other gaseous fuel pipelines and applications provided the user has validated its suitability for use. The detection range for elemental sulfur, reported as sulfur, is 0.0018 to 30 mg/L. The results may also be reported in units of mg/kg or ppm.

    1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1072 Test Method for Total Sulfur in Fuel Gases by Combustion and Barium Chloride Titration

    D1145 Test Method for Sampling Natural Gas

    D1945 Test Method for Analysis of Natural Gas by Gas Chromatography

    D3609 Practice for Calibration Techniques Using Permeation Tubes

    D4084 Test Method for Analysis of Hydrogen Sulfide in Gaseous Fuels (Lead Acetate Reaction Rate Method)

    D4150 Terminology Relating to Gaseous Fuels

    D4468 Test Method for Total Sulfur in Gaseous Fuels by Hydrogenolysis and Rateometric Colorimetry

    D4626 Practice for Calculation of Gas Chromatographic Response Factors

    D5287 Practice for Automatic Sampling of Gaseous Fuels

    D5504 Test Method for Determination of Sulfur Compounds in Natural Gas and Gaseous Fuels by Gas Chromatography and Chemiluminescence

    D6228 Test Method for Determination of Sulfur Compounds in Natural Gas and Gaseous Fuels by Gas Chromatography and Flame Photometric Detection

    D7165 Practice for Gas Chromatograph Based On-line/At-line Analysis for Sulfur Content of Gaseous Fuels

    D7166 Practice for Total Sulfur Analyzer Based On-line/At-line for Sulfur Content of Gaseous Fuels

    D7551 Test Method for Determination of Total Volatile Sulfur in Gaseous Hydrocarbons and Liquefied Petroleum Gases and Natural Gas by Ultraviolet Fluorescence

    D7607 Test Method for Analysis of Oxygen in Gaseous Fuels (Electrochemical Sensor Method)

    E840 Practice for Using Flame Photometric Detectors in Gas Chromatography

    ISO Documents

    ISO 14532 Natural Gas--Vocabulary


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 75.060 (Natural gas)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 15111500(Gaseous fuels); 95121640(Pipeline)


    Referencing This Standard
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    DOI: 10.1520/D7800_D7800M-14

    Citation Format

    ASTM D7800 / D7800M-14, Standard Test Method for Determination of Elemental Sulfur in Natural Gas, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2014, www.astm.org

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