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    ASTM D7748 / D7748M - 14(2021)

    Standard Test Method for Flexural Rigidity of Geogrids, Geotextiles, and Related Products

    Active Standard ASTM D7748 / D7748M | Developed by Subcommittee: D35.01

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.13


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 This test method is considered satisfactory for manufacturing quality control testing of a specific geosynthetic; however, caution is advised since information about between-laboratory precision is incomplete. Comparative tests as directed in 5.1.1 may be advisable.

    5.1.1 In case of a dispute arising from differences in reported test results when using this test method for acceptance testing of commercial shipments, the purchaser and the supplier should conduct comparative tests to determine if there is a statistical bias between their laboratories. Competent statistical assistance is recommended for the investigation of bias. As a minimum, the two parties should take a group of test specimens that are as homogeneous as possible and that are from a lot of material of the type in question. Test specimens should then be randomly assigned in equal numbers to each laboratory for testing. The average results from the two laboratories should be compared using the appropriate statistical analysis and an acceptable probability level chosen by the two parties before testing is begun. If a bias is found, either its cause must be found and corrected or the purchaser and the supplier must agree to interpret future test results with consideration to the known bias.

    5.2 This test method is not suitable for very limp geosynthetics or those that show a marked tendency to curl or twist at a cut edge.

    5.3 The stiffness of a geosynthetic may change with storage.

    5.4 No evidence has been found showing that bending length is dependent on specimen width. The tendency for specimens to curl or twist will affect the result, because of the rigidity provided at the edge. Consequently, the edge effect is less of an issue for a wider strip.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the measurement of stiffness properties of geogrids, geotextiles, and geogrid-geotextile composites, all of which are referred to as geosynthetics within this test method. Bending length is measured and flexural rigidity is calculated through use of the cantilever test procedure.

    1.1.1 This test method employs the principle of cantilever bending of the geosynthetic under its own mass.

    1.2 This test method applies to geogrids, geotextiles, and geogrid-geotextile composites.

    1.3 This test method is for manufacturing quality control purposes only, to ensure uniformity and consistency of flexural rigidity for a specific product from roll to roll and lot to lot.

    1.4 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D123 Terminology Relating to Textiles

    D1776/D1776M Practice for Conditioning and Testing Textiles

    D4354 Practice for Sampling of Geosynthetics and Rolled Erosion Control Products (RECPs) for Testing

    D4439 Terminology for Geosynthetics

    E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods

    E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 59.080.70 (Geotextiles)

    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D7748_D7748M-14R21

    Citation Format

    ASTM D7748 / D7748M-14(2021), Standard Test Method for Flexural Rigidity of Geogrids, Geotextiles, and Related Products, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2021, www.astm.org

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