ASTM D7594 - 16

    Standard Test Method for Determining Fretting Wear Resistance of Lubricating Greases Under High Hertzian Contact Pressures Using a High-Frequency, Linear-Oscillation (SRV) Test Machine

    Active Standard ASTM D7594 | Developed by Subcommittee: D02.G0.04

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.04


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 This test method can be used to determine anti-wear properties and coefficient of friction of greases in order to prevent “fretting” wear under linear oscillation with associated low strokes and high Hertzian contact pressures at selected temperatures and loads specified for use in applications in which induced, high-speed vibrational motions are present for extended periods of time. It has found application as a screening test for grease lubricants used in ball and roller bearings, roller or ball screw (spindle) drives or side shaft systems (Tripode or Rzeppa type) for example, so-called constant velocity (CV) joints. Users of this test method should determine whether results correlate with field performance or other applications.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers a procedure for determining the lubricating action of greases in order to prevent “fretting” wear under linear oscillation with associated low strokes and high Hertzian contact pressures under high-frequency linear-oscillation motion using the SRV test machine. By performing additional, nonmandatory extreme-pressure tests in accordance with Test Method D5706, the test grease should be shown to be able to withstand a Hertzian contact pressure of at least 2200 MPa without adhesive failure.

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    Other Standards

    DIN 51631:1999 Special-Boiling-Point SpiritsRequirements and Testing

    DIN 51834-3:2008-12 Testing of LubricantsTribological Test in Translatory Oscillation ApparatusPart 3: Determination of Tribological Behaviour of Materials in Cooperation with Lubricants

    DIN EN ISO 13565-2:1998

    DIN EN ISO 683-17 Heat-Treated Steels, Alloy Steels and Free-Cutting SteelsPart 17: Ball and Roller Bearing Steels [Replaces DIN 17230-1980]

    ASTM Standards

    A295/A295M Specification for High-Carbon Anti-Friction Bearing Steel

    D217 Test Methods for Cone Penetration of Lubricating Grease

    D235 Specification for Mineral Spirits (Petroleum Spirits) (Hydrocarbon Dry Cleaning Solvent)

    D4175 Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants

    D5706 Test Method for Determining Extreme Pressure Properties of Lubricating Greases Using a High-Frequency, Linear-Oscillation (SRV) Test Machine

    D6425 Test Method for Measuring Friction and Wear Properties of Extreme Pressure (EP) Lubricating Oils Using SRV Test Machine

    D7421 Test Method for Determining Extreme Pressure Properties of Lubricating Oils Using High-Frequency, Linear-Oscillation (SRV) Test Machine

    D7755 Practice for Determining the Wear Volume on Standard Test Pieces Used by High-Frequency, Linear-Oscillation (SRV) Test Machine

    E45 Test Methods for Determining the Inclusion Content of Steel

    G40 Terminology Relating to Wear and Erosion


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 75.100 (Lubricants, industrial oils and related products)

    Referencing This Standard
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    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D7594-16

    Citation Format

    ASTM D7594-16, Standard Test Method for Determining Fretting Wear Resistance of Lubricating Greases Under High Hertzian Contact Pressures Using a High-Frequency, Linear-Oscillation (SRV) Test Machine, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2016, www.astm.org

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