ASTM D7478 / D7478M - 11(2017)

    Standard Specification for Heavy Duty Sheathed Wood Crates

    Active Standard ASTM D7478 / D7478M | Developed by Subcommittee: D10.12

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.10

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    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification covers requirements for two types and two classes of sheathed crates each of which may have two base styles. The crates are designed for net loads not exceeding 30 000 pounds lb [13 607 kg] and to withstand the most severe overseas shipping and storage conditions.

    1.2 The crates described by this specification are intended to protect items from atmospheric elements during shipment and storage. They are designed to withstand the rough handling of logistic operations including stacking and outside storage for a prolonged period.

    1.3 Class 1 and 2 crates may be used interchangeably as desired. However, the Class 2 crate should be used when weight is a prime consideration, as the lack of diagonals and thinner plywood sheathing results in a lighter crate.

    1.4 Demountable crates, Type II, should be used whenever it is expected that the contained item will require reshipping to another destination.

    1.5 Sill bases, Style B, are intended for items that project below their mounting points, such as disassembled vehicles.

    1.6 If the use of other construction method or techniques is acceptable and permitted (see 5.10), the resulting packaging systems shall be of equal or better performance than would result from the use of these specified materials and procedures. The appropriate distribution cycle, specified in Practice D4169 can be used to develop comparative procedures and criteria.

    1.7 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. See IEEE/ASTM SI 10 for conversion of units.

    1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.9 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    Hardwood Plywood and Veneer Association Standard

    ANSI/HPVA HP-1-2004

    National Hardwood Lumber Association (NHLA) Standard

    NHLA Rules

    ASME Standards

    ASME B18.2.1-2010 Square, Hex, Heavy Hex, and Askew Head Bolts and Hex, Heavy Hex, Hex Flange, Lobed Head, and Lag Screws (Inch Series)

    ASME B18.2.2-2010

    ASME B18.22M-1981

    ASME B18.2.4.3M-1979 Metric Slotted Hex Nuts

    ASME B18.5.2.2M-1982 Metric Round head Square Neck Bolts

    ASTM Standards

    D996 Terminology of Packaging and Distribution Environments

    D3953 Specification for Strapping, Flat Steel and Seals

    D4169 Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems

    D4442 Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood-Based Materials

    D4675 Guide for Selection and Use of Flat Strapping Materials1

    D6199 Practice for Quality of Wood Members of Containers and Pallets

    D6253 Practice for Treatment and/or Marking of Wood Packaging Materials

    F1667 Specification for Driven Fasteners: Nails, Spikes, and Staples

    National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Standards

    PS 1 Voluntary Product Standard, Structural Plywood Available from APA, The Engineered Wood Association, 7011 South 19th St., Tacoma, WA 984665399,

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 55.160 (Cases. Boxes. Crates)

    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D7478_D7478M-11R17

    Citation Format

    ASTM D7478 / D7478M-11(2017), Standard Specification for Heavy Duty Sheathed Wood Crates, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2017,

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