ASTM D7406 - 20

    Standard Test Method for Time-Dependent Compressive Deformation Under Constant Pressure for Geosynthetic Drainage Products

    Active Standard ASTM D7406 | Developed by Subcommittee: D35.02

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.13


      Format Pages Price  
    PDF 4 $44.00   ADD TO CART
    Hardcopy (shipping and handling) 4 $44.00   ADD TO CART
    Standard + Redline PDF Bundle 8 $52.00   ADD TO CART



    Significance and Use

    5.1 The performance characteristics of a drainage geosynthetic are directly related to the integrity under compressive loading. If the product is sensitive to compressive deformation, its flow capacity could be greatly reduced or even shut off completely.

    5.2 The deformation sensitivity of a candidate geosynthetic can be tested at field-simulated normal stress and potential tangential stresses.

    5.3 This test method does not evaluate the effect of deformation of a geotextile filter or adjacent membrane.

    5.4 Compression deformation, as it relates to reduction in flow capacity of a geosynthetic drainage product, is manufacturer and product specific. For example, a 10 % reduction in original thickness of a geonet made by Manufacturer A does not necessarily equal the same reduction in flow capacity as a 10 % reduction in thickness of the same or another type of geonet made by Manufacturer B.

    5.5 This deformation data has merit directly to the end user, because it can be easily interpreted to result in a reduction factor for compressive deformation.4 The reduction factor can then be used to derive an allowable flow rate.5

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method is used to determine the unconfined compressive deformation (consolidation) characteristics of drainage geotextiles, geocomposites, geonets, or any other geosynthetic associated with drainage at a constant temperature, when subjected to a constant compressive stress.

    1.2 This test method is intended for use as an unconfined compressive performance deformation test only. For a detailed procedure on how to establish an index test, see EN ISO 25619-1. For performance tests, the specimen shall be subjected to the site-specific liquid, the site-specific stress (normal and potentially a tangential stress on the upper and parallel loading platen), or both.

    Note 1: Results achieved from unconfined compressive performance deformation testing may differ from testing performed under confined conditions.

    1.3 Because of the changing nature of the geosynthetic industry and the wide variety of products already available, this particular test method may have to be slightly modified for unconfined compression deformation testing of some products.

    1.4 The values given in SI units are to be considered as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    A1030/A1030M Practice for Measuring Flatness Characteristics of Steel Sheet Products

    D2990 Test Methods for Tensile, Compressive, and Flexural Creep and Creep-Rupture of Plastics

    D4439 Terminology for Geosynthetics

    D5199 Test Method for Measuring the Nominal Thickness of Geosynthetics

    D5261 Test Method for Measuring Mass per Unit Area of Geotextiles

    D6364 Test Method for Determining Short-Term Compression Behavior of Geosynthetics

    ISO Standard

    EN ISO 25619-1 GeosyntheticsDetermination of Compression BehaviorPart 1: Compressive Creep Properties


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 59.080.70 (Geotextiles)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 30121702(Geotextile)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D7406-20

    Citation Format

    ASTM D7406-20, Standard Test Method for Time-Dependent Compressive Deformation Under Constant Pressure for Geosynthetic Drainage Products, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2020, www.astm.org

    Back to Top