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Significance and Use
3.1 Accurate elemental analyses of samples of petroleum and petroleum products are required for the determination of chemical properties, which are in turn used to establish compliance with commercial and regulatory specifications.
1.1 This practice covers information relating to sampling, calibration and validation of X-ray fluorescence instruments for elemental analysis, including all kinds of wavelength dispersive (WDXRF) and energy dispersive (EDXRF) techniques. This practice includes sampling issues such as the selection of storage vessels, transportation, and sub-sampling. Treatment, assembly, and handling of technique-specific sample holders and cups are also included. Technique-specific requirements during analytical measurement and validation of measurement for the determination of trace elements in samples of petroleum and petroleum products are described. For sample mixing, refer to Practice . Petroleum products covered in this practice are considered to be a single phase and exhibit Newtonian characteristics at the point of sampling.
1.2 Applicable Test Methods—This practice is applicable to the XRF methods under the jurisdiction of ASTM Subcommittee D02.03 on Elemental Analysis, and those under the jurisdiction of the Energy Institute’s Test Method Standardization Committee ( ). Some of these methods are technically equivalent though they may differ in details ( ).
1.3 Applicable Fluids—This practice is applicable to petroleum and petroleum products with vapor pressures at sampling and storage temperatures less than or equal to 101 kPa (14.7 psi). Use Practice or IP 475 to sample these materials. Refer to Practice when sampling materials that also require Reid vapor pressure (RVP) determination.
1.4 Non-applicable Fluids—Petroleum products whose vapor pressure at sampling and sample storage conditions are above 101 kPa (14.7 psi) and liquefied gases (that is, LNG, LPG, etc.) are not covered by this practice.
1.5 Sampling Methods—The physical sampling and methods of sampling from a primary source are not covered by this guide. It is assumed that samples covered by this practice are a representative sample of the primary source liquid. Refer to Practice or IP 475 for detailed sampling procedures.
1.6 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses after SI units are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D2622 Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
D4057 Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
D4294 Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum and Petroleum Products by Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
D4927 Test Methods for Elemental Analysis of Lubricant and Additive ComponentsBarium, Calcium, Phosphorus, Sulfur, and Zinc by Wavelength-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy
D4929 Test Method for Determination of Organic Chloride Content in Crude Oil
D5059 Test Methods for Lead and Manganese in Gasoline by X-Ray Spectroscopy
D5842 Practice for Sampling and Handling of Fuels for Volatility Measurement
D5854 Practice for Mixing and Handling of Liquid Samples of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
D6299 Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
D6334 Test Method for Sulfur in Gasoline by Wavelength Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence
D6376 Test Method for Determination of Trace Metals in Petroleum Coke by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy
D6443 Test Method for Determination of Calcium, Chlorine, Copper, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Sulfur, and Zinc in Unused Lubricating Oils and Additives by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry (Mathematical Correction Procedure)
D6445 Test Method for Sulfur in Gasoline by Energy-Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
D6481 Test Method for Determination of Phosphorus, Sulfur, Calcium, and Zinc in Lubrication Oils by Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy
D7039 Test Method for Sulfur in Gasoline, Diesel Fuel, Jet Fuel, Kerosine, Biodiesel, Biodiesel Blends, and Gasoline-Ethanol Blends by Monochromatic Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
D7212 Test Method for Low Sulfur in Automotive Fuels by Energy-Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry Using a Low-Background Proportional Counter
D7220 Test Method for Sulfur in Automotive, Heating, and Jet Fuels by Monochromatic Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
D7751 Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements in Lubricating Oils by EDXRF Analysis
D7757 Test Method for Silicon in Gasoline and Related Products by Monochromatic Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
D8127 Test Method for Coupled Particulate and Elemental Analysis using X-ray Fluorescence (XRF) for In-Service Lubricants
D8252 Test Method for Vanadium and Nickel in Crude and Residual Oil by X-ray Spectrometry
Energy Institute StandardsIP 228 IP 336 Determination of sulfur contentEnergy-dispersive X-ray fluorescence method IP 407 Determination of barium, calcium, phosphorus, sulfur and zinc by wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometry IP 433 IP 447 Determination of sulfur contentWavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometry IP 475 Methods of test for petroleum and its products IP 489 IP 496 Determination of sulfur content of automotive fuelsEnergy-dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometry IP 497 Determination of sulfur content of automotive fuelsWavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometry IP 531 IP 532 Determination of the sulfur content of automotive fuelsPolarized X-ray fluorescence spectrometry IP 553 IP 560 Determination of Silicon, Chromium, nickel, Iron, and Copper in Used GreasesWDXRF Method IP 593 Determination of Pb, Ni, Cr, Cu, Zn, As, Cd, Tl, Sb, Co, Mn, and V in Burner Fuels derived from Waste Mineral OilsWDXRF Method IP 600
ICS Number Code 71.040.50 (Physicochemical methods of analysis)
UNSPSC Code 15101500(Petroleum and distillates); 15120000(Lubricants and oils and greases and anti corrosives)
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ASTM D7343-20, Standard Practice for Optimization, Sample Handling, Calibration, and Validation of X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry Methods for Elemental Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2020, www.astm.orgBack to Top