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    ASTM D7238 - 20

    Standard Test Method for Effect of Exposure of Unreinforced Polyolefin Geomembrane Using Fluorescent UV Condensation Apparatus

    Active Standard ASTM D7238 | Developed by Subcommittee: D35.02

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.13

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    Significance and Use

    5.1 The use of this apparatus is intended to induce property changes associated with the end-use conditions, including the effects of the UV portion of sunlight, moisture, and heat. Exposures are not intended to simulate the deterioration caused by localized weather phenomena, such as atmospheric pollution, biological attack, and saltwater exposure.

    Note 3: Refer to Practice G151 for cautionary guidance applicable to laboratory weathering devices.

    5.2 Variation in results may be expected when operating conditions are varied within the accepted limits of this method.

    5.3 Test data for one thickness of a geomembrane cannot be used as data for other thickness geomembranes made with the same formula (polymer, pigment, and stabilizers) since the degradation is thickness related.

    Note 4: It is recommended that a similar material of known performance (a control) be exposed simultaneously with the test material to provide a standard for comparative purposes. When control material is used in the test program, it is recommended only one coupon be used for each UV exposure period to allow for OIT testing.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This standard covers the specific procedures and test conditions that are applicable for exposure of unreinforced polyolefin geomembranes to fluorescent UV radiation and condensation.

    Note 1: Polyolefin geomembranes include high-density polyethylene (HDPE), linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE), flexible polyproplyene (fPP), etc.

    1.2 Test specimens are exposed to fluorescent UVA-340 lamps under controlled environmental conditions. UVA-340 lamps are standard for this method.

    Note 2: Other types of fluorescent UV lamps, such as UVB-313, can also be used based upon discussion between involved parties. However, if the test is run with another type of fluorescent UV lamp, such as UVB-313, this should be considered as a deviation from the standard and clearly stated in the test report. UVB-313 and UVA-340 fluorescent lamps generate different amounts of radiant power in different wavelength ranges; thus, the photochemical effects caused by these different lamps may vary.

    1.3 This method covers the conditions under which the exposure is to be performed and the test methods for evaluating the effects of fluorescent UV, heat, and moisture in the form of condensation on geomembranes. General guidance is given in Practices G151 and G154.

    1.4 The values listed in SI units are to be regarded as the standard.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1238 Test Method for Melt Flow Rates of Thermoplastics by Extrusion Plastometer

    D5885/D5885M Test Method for Oxidative Induction Time of Polyolefin Geosynthetics by High-Pressure Differential Scanning Calorimetry

    D6693/D6693M Test Method for Determining Tensile Properties of Nonreinforced Polyethylene and Nonreinforced Flexible Polypropylene Geomembranes

    G113 Terminology Relating to Natural and Artificial Weathering Tests of Nonmetallic Materials

    G151 Practice for Exposing Nonmetallic Materials in Accelerated Test Devices that Use Laboratory Light Sources

    G154 Practice for Operating Fluorescent Ultraviolet (UV) Lamp Apparatus for Exposure of Nonmetallic Materials

    G156 Practice for Selecting and Characterizing Weathering Reference Materials

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 59.080.70 (Geotextiles)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 30121701(Geomesh)

    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D7238-20

    Citation Format

    ASTM D7238-20, Standard Test Method for Effect of Exposure of Unreinforced Polyolefin Geomembrane Using Fluorescent UV Condensation Apparatus, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2020, www.astm.org

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