ASTM D7188 - 05(2019)

    Standard Terminology for Printing Inks, Materials, and Processes

    Active Standard ASTM D7188 | Developed by Subcommittee: D01.56

    Book of Standards Volume: 06.02

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    Significance and Use

    3.1 A common set of definitions is essential to improve communication and avoid misunderstanding among ink makers, paper makers, and printers.

    3.2 Definitions that are verbatim from one of the referenced sources are indicated by giving the acronym of the organization or the author of the book at the end of the definition.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This terminology standard covers terms used in the description of printing inks, printing materials, and printing processes.

    1.2 This terminology standard does not include definitions related to Print Problems (see Terminology D6488).

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D16 Terminology for Paint, Related Coatings, Materials, and Applications

    D1316 Test Method for Fineness of Grind of Printing Inks By the NPIRI Grindometer

    D1535 Practice for Specifying Color by the Munsell System

    D2066 Test Methods for Relative Tinting Strength of Paste-Type Printing Ink Dispersions

    D3732 Practice for Reporting Cure Times of Ultraviolet-Cured Coatings

    D4040 Test Method for Rheological Properties of Paste Printing and Vehicles by the Falling-Rod Viscometer

    D4302 Specification for Artists Oil, Resin-Oil, and Alkyd Paints

    D4361 Test Method for Apparent Tack of Printing Inks and Vehicles by a Three-Roller Tackmeter

    D4449 Test Method for Visual Evaluation of Gloss Differences Between Surfaces of Similar Appearance

    D5010 Guide for Testing Printing Inks and Related Materials

    D5181 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Printed Matter by the GA-CAT Comprehensive Abrasion Tester

    D5383 Practice for Visual Determination of the Lightfastness of Art Materials by Artists and Art Technologists

    D5403 Test Methods for Volatile Content of Radiation Curable Materials

    D5909 Test Method for Drying Time of Oxidative-Drying Printing Inks by Squalene Resistance

    D6488 Terminology Relating to Print Problems

    D6493 Test Methods for Softening Point of Hydrocarbon Resins and Rosin Based Resins by Automated Ring-and-Ball Apparatus

    D6687 Guide for Testing Printing Ink Vehicles and Components Thereof

    E430 Test Methods for Measurement of Gloss of High-Gloss Surfaces by Abridged Goniophotometry

    Other Documents

    Kipphan: Handbook of Print Media Technologies and Production Methods, Kipphan, Helmut: Springer 2001

    NAPIM: National Association of Printing Ink Manufacturers, 5th ed. 1988

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 01.040.87 (Paint and colour industries (Vocabularies)); 87.080 (Inks. Printing inks)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 60121800(Printing and drawing inks)

    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D7188-05R19

    Citation Format

    ASTM D7188-05(2019), Standard Terminology for Printing Inks, Materials, and Processes, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2019,

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