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Significance and Use
5.1 Hydrogen content represents a fundamental quality of a petroleum distillate that has been correlated with many of the performance characteristics of that product. Combustion properties of gas turbine fuels are related primarily to hydrogen content. As hydrogen content of these fuels decreases, soot deposits, exhaust smoke, and thermal radiation increase. Soot deposits and thermal radiation can increase to the point that combustor liner burnout will occur. Hydrogen content is a procurement requirement of the following military fuels: JP-5 specified in MIL-DTL-5624, JP-8 specified in MIL-DTL-83133, and Naval Distillate Fuel specified in MIL-DTL-16884.
5.2 This test method provides a simple and precise alternative to existing test methods ( , , and ) for determining the hydrogen content of petroleum distillate products.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of the hydrogen content of middle distillate petroleum products using a low-resolution pulsed nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectrometer. The boiling range of distillates covered by the test method is 150 °C to 390 °C. While this test method may be applicable to middle distillates outside this boiling range, in such cases the precision statements may not apply. The test method is generally based on Test Methods and , with a major difference being the use of a pulsed NMR spectrometer instead of a continuous wave NMR spectrometer.
1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.2.1 The preferred units are mass %.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D3701 Test Method for Hydrogen Content of Aviation Turbine Fuels by Low Resolution Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectrometry
D4057 Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
D4808 Test Methods for Hydrogen Content of Light Distillates, Middle Distillates, Gas Oils, and Residua by Low-Resolution Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
D5291 Test Methods for Instrumental Determination of Carbon, Hydrogen, and Nitrogen in Petroleum Products and Lubricants
D6299 Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
D6708 Practice for Statistical Assessment and Improvement of Expected Agreement Between Two Test Methods that Purport to Measure the Same Property of a Material
Other DocumentsMIL-DTL-16884 Fuel, Naval Distillate MIL-DTL-5624 Turbine Fuel, Aviation, Grades JP-4 and JP-5 Available online at the ASSIST Quick Search website http://quicksearch.dla.mil.
ICS Number Code 75.080 (Petroleum products in general)
|Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)|
ASTM D7171-20, Standard Test Method for Hydrogen Content of Middle Distillate Petroleum Products by Low-Resolution Pulsed Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2020, www.astm.orgBack to Top