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Significance and Use
5.1 The ER of a battery separator is a standard measurement used by separator and battery manufacturers for quality control purposes and separator selection.
5.2 Separator ER and the separator's interaction with the electrolyte, that is resistance to wetting or flow, will contribute to the internal resistance of the battery and this has the potential to limit the electrical output of a battery. The ER determination is a tool for battery manufacturers to use in design, material selection, and performance specifications.
5.3 The change in the bath electrical resistance imparted by a separator is affected by the porosity, thickness, and tortuousity of the pore structure of the separator, the wettability of the separator to the electrolyte, and the temperature and concentration of the electrolyte.
5.4 Incomplete wetting or saturation of the pore structure limits the lowest ER value obtainable from a separator structure. Separators are pretreated to assure that the specimen being tested has been adequately wetted out. A separator that is not fully wetted out (saturated) will give a higher ER.
5.5 This test method is intended to give a rapid and repeatable measurement that approximates the change in ER that could happen when the separator is used in a battery.
1.1 This test method covers the pretreatment, test conditions, apparatus, and procedure to determine the ionic resistivity, commonly referred to in the battery industry as electrical resistance (ER) of an alkaline battery separator immersed in an electrolyte of 40 % potassium hydroxide (KOH).
1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1711 Terminology Relating to Electrical Insulation
E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
E2935 Practice for Conducting Equivalence Testing in Laboratory Applications
ICS Number Code 29.220.30 (Alcaline secondary cells and batteries)
UNSPSC Code 26111700(Batteries and cells and accessories)
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ASTM D7148-19, Standard Test Method for Determining the Ionic Resistivity (ER) of Alkaline Battery Separator Using a Carbon Electrode in an Electrolyte Bath Measuring System, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2019, www.astm.orgBack to Top