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Significance and Use
5.1 This test method evaluates the percent viscosity loss of fluids resulting from physical degradation in the high shear nozzle device. Thermal or oxidative effects are minimized.
5.2 This test method may be used for quality control purposes by manufacturers of polymeric lubricant additives and their customers.
5.3 This test method is not intended to predict viscosity loss in field service in different field equipment under widely varying operating conditions, which may cause lubricant viscosity to change due to thermal and oxidative changes, as well as by the mechanical shearing of polymer. However, when the field service conditions, primarily or exclusively, result in the degradation of polymer by mechanical shearing, there may be a correlation between the results from this test method and results from the field.
1.1 This test method covers the evaluation of the shear stability of polymer-containing fluids. The test method measures the viscosity loss, in mm2/s and percent, at 100 °C of polymer-containing fluids when evaluated by a diesel injector apparatus procedure that uses European diesel injector test equipment. The viscosity loss reflects polymer degradation due to shear at the nozzle. Viscosity loss is evaluated after both 30 cycles and 90 cycles of shearing.
Note 1: This test method evaluates the shear stability of oils after both 30 cycles and 90 cycles of shearing. For most oils, there is a correlation between results after 30 cycles and results after 90 cycles of shearing, but this is not universal.
Note 2: Test Method uses essentially the same procedure with 30 cycles only instead of both 30 cycles and 90 cycles. The correlation between results from this test method at 30 cycles and results from Test Method has not been established.
Note 3: Test Method has been used for similar evaluation of shear stability; limitations are as indicated in the significance statement. No detailed attempt has been undertaken to correlate the results of this test method with those of the sonic shear test method.
Note 4: This test method uses test apparatus as defined in CEC L-14-A-93. This test method differs from CEC-L-14-A-93 in the period of time required for calibration.
Note 5: Test Method also shears oils in a diesel injector apparatus but may give different results.
Note 6: This test method has different calibration and operational requirements than withdrawn Test Method .
1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses after SI units are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific warning statements are given in Section .
1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D445 Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
D2603 Test Method for Sonic Shear Stability of Polymer-Containing Oils
D5275 Test Method for Fuel Injector Shear Stability Test (FISST) for Polymer Containing Fluids
D6278 Test Method for Shear Stability of Polymer Containing Fluids Using a European Diesel Injector Apparatus
D6299 Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
D7042 Test Method for Dynamic Viscosity and Density of Liquids by Stabinger Viscometer (and the Calculation of Kinematic Viscosity)
Coordinated European Council (CEC) StandardCEC L-14-A-93 Evaluation of the Mechanical Shear Stability of Lubricating Oils Containing Polymers Available from CEC Secretariat, Interlynk Administrative Services, Ltd., Lynk House, 17 Peckleton Lane, Desford, Leicestershire, LE9 9JU, United Kingdom.
ICS Number Code 17.060 (Measurement of volume, mass, density, viscosity)
UNSPSC Code 26101740(Fuel injectors)
|Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)|
ASTM D7109-20a, Standard Test Method for Shear Stability of Polymer-Containing Fluids Using a European Diesel Injector Apparatus at 30 Cycles and 90 Cycles, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2020, www.astm.orgBack to Top