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Significance and Use
5.1 There are many underground structures that are constructed for permanent or long-term use. Often, these structures are subjected to a relatively constant load. Creep tests provide quantitative parameters for stability analysis of these structures.
5.2 The deformation and strength properties of rock cores measured in the laboratory usually do not accurately reflect large-scale in situ properties, because the latter are strongly influenced by joints, faults, inhomogeneities, weakness planes, and other factors. Therefore, laboratory test results of intact specimens shall be utilized with proper judgment in engineering applications.
Note 1: The statements on precision and bias contained in this test method; the precision of this test method is dependent on the competence of the personnel performing it, and the suitability of the equipment and facilities used. Agencies that meet the criteria of Practice are generally considered capable of competent and objective testing. Users of this test method are cautioned that compliance with Practice does not in itself assure reliable testing. Reliable testing depends on many factors; Practice provides a means of evaluating some of these factors.
1.1 These test methods cover the creep behavior of intact weak and hard rock core in fixed states of stress at ambient (room) or elevated temperatures. For creep behavior at lower temperatures refer to Test Method . The methods specify the apparatus, instrumentation, and procedures necessary to determine the strain as a function of time under sustained load at constant temperature and when applicable, constant humidity.
1.1.1 Hard rocks are considered those with a maximum axial strain at failure of less than 2 %. Weak rocks include such materials as salt, potash, shale, and weathered rock, which often exhibit very large strain at failure.
1.2 This standard consists of three methods that cover the creep capacity of core specimens.
1.2.1 Method A—Creep of Hard Rock Core Specimens in Uniaxial Compression at Ambient or Elevated Temperature.
1.2.2 Method B—Creep of Weak Rock Core Specimens in Uniaxial Compression at Ambient or Elevated Temperature.
1.2.3 Method C—Creep of Rock Core Specimens in Triaxial Compression at Ambient or Elevated Temperature.
1.3 All observed and calculated values shall conform to the guidelines for significant digits and rounding established in Practice .
1.4 The procedures used to specify how data are collected/recorded and calculated in this standard are regarded as the industry standard. In addition, they are representative of the significant digits that generally should be retained. The procedures used do not consider material variation, purpose for obtaining data, special purpose studies, or any considerations for the user’s objectives; and it is common practice to increase or reduce significant digits of reported data to commensurate with these considerations. It is beyond the scope of these test methods to consider significant digits used in analysis methods for engineering design.
1.5 Units—The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to inch-pound units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and to determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific precautionary statements, see Section .
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D653 Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
D2113 Practice for Rock Core Drilling and Sampling of Rock for Site Exploration
D2216 Test Methods for Laboratory Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil and Rock by Mass
D2845 Test Method for Laboratory Determination of Pulse Velocities and Ultrasonic Elastic Constants of Rock
D3740 Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
D4543 Practices for Preparing Rock Core as Cylindrical Test Specimens and Verifying Conformance to Dimensional and Shape Tolerances
D5079 Practices for Preserving and Transporting Rock Core Samples
D5520 Test Method for Laboratory Determination of Creep Properties of Frozen Soil Samples by Uniaxial Compression
D6026 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data
E4 Practices for Force Verification of Testing Machines
E122 Practice for Calculating Sample Size to Estimate, With Specified Precision, the Average for a Characteristic of a Lot or Process
ICS Number Code 93.020 (Earth works. Excavations. Foundation construction. Underground works)
UNSPSC Code 60104402(Rock specimens)
|Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)|
ASTM D7070-16, Standard Test Methods for Creep of Rock Core Under Constant Stress and Temperature, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2016, www.astm.orgBack to Top