Active Standard ASTM D6971 Developed by Subcommittee: D02.09.0C
Book of Standards Volume: 05.03
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Significance and Use
4.1 The quantitative determination of hindered phenol and aromatic amine antioxidants in a new turbine oil measures the amount of these compounds that has been added to the oil as protection against oxidation. Beside phenols, turbine oils can be formulated with other antioxidants such as amines which can extend the oil life. In in-service oil, the determination measures the amount of original (hindered phenol and aromatic amine) antioxidants remaining after oxidation has reduced its initial concentration. This test method is not designed or intended to detect all of the antioxidant intermediates formed during the thermal and oxidative stressing of the oils, which are recognized as having some contribution to the remaining useful life of the in-service oil. Nor does it measure the overall stability of an oil, which is determined by the total contribution of all species present. Before making final judgment on the remaining useful life of the in-service oil, which might result in the replacement of the oil reservoir, it is advised to perform additional analytical techniques (as in accordance with Test Methods and ; see also Test Method ), having the capability of measuring remaining oxidative life of the in-service oil.
4.1.1 This test method is applicable to non-zinc type of turbine oils as defined by ISO 6743 Part 4, Table 1. These are refined mineral oils containing rust and oxidation inhibitors, but not antiwear additives.
4.2 The test is also suitable for manufacturing control and specification acceptance.
4.3 When a voltammetric analysis is obtained for a turbine oil inhibited with a typical synergistic mixture of hindered phenol and aromatic amine antioxidants, there is an increase in the current of the produced voltammogram between 8 to 12 s (or 0.8 to 1.2 V applied voltage) (see ) for the aromatic amines, and an increase in the current of the produced voltammogram between 13 and 16 s (or 1.3 to 1.6 V applied voltage) (see ) for the hindered phenols in the neutral acetone test solution ( : x-axis 1 s = 0.1 V). Hindered phenol antioxidants detected by voltammetric analysis include, but are not limited to, 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol; 2,6-di-tert-butylphenol; and 4,4'-Methylenebis (2,6-di-tert-butylphenol). Aromatic amine antioxidants detected by voltammetric analysis include, but are not limited to, phenyl alpha naphthylamines, and alkylated diphenylamines.
Note 1: Voltages listed with respect to reference electrode. The voltammograms shown in were obtained with a platinum reference electrode and a voltage scan rate of 0.1 V/s.
4.4 For turbine oil containing only aromatic amines as antioxidants, there will only be an increase in the current of the produced voltammogram between 8 to 12 seconds (or 0.8 to 1.2 V applied voltage) (see ) for the aromatic amines, by using the neutral acetone test solution (first peak in ).
4.5 For turbine oils containing only hindered phenolic antioxidants, it is preferable to use a basic alcohol test solution rather than the neutral acetone test solutions, as there is an increase in the current of the produced voltammogram between 3 to 6 seconds (or 0.3 to 0.6 V applied voltage) (see ) in basic alcohol test solution ( : x-axis 1 second = 0.1 V) in accordance with Test Method .
1. Область применения
1.1 В настоящем стандарте рассматривается метод вольтамперометрического определениясодержания антиоксидантов с экранированным фенолом и антиоксидантов с ароматическими аминами в новом или находящемся в эксплуатации не содержащем цинка турбинном масле при концентрациях от 0,0075 % по массе до концентраций в новом масле посредством измерения электрического тока при заданном напряжении по полученной вольтамперометрической диаграмме.
1.2 В настоящем стандарте не рассматриваются все вопросы безопасности, связанные с его применением. Лицо, применяющее настоящий стандарт, отвечает за соблюдение требований по охране труда и здоровья и определяет соответствующие нормативные ограничения до использования настоящего стандарта.