ASTM D689 - 17

    Standard Test Method for Internal Tearing Resistance of Paper

    Active Standard ASTM D689 | Developed by Subcommittee: D09.01

    Book of Standards Volume: 10.02


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 This test method is widely used within the paper industry, in conjunction with other tests of strength, as a predictor of end-use performance of a wide range of grades of papers.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method measures the force perpendicular to the plane of the paper required to tear multiple sheets of paper through a specified distance after the tear has been started, using an Elmendorf-type tearing tester. The measured results can be used to calculate the approximate tearing resistance of a single sheet. In the case of tearing a single sheet of paper, the tearing resistance is measured directly.

    Note 1: Similar procedures for making Elmendorf-type tear measurements are found in ISO 1974 and TAPPI T414.

    1.2 This test method is not suitable for determining the cross-directional tearing resistance of highly directional boards and papers.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ISO Standard

    ISO 1974 PaperDetermination of Tearing Resistance (Elmendorf method)

    TAPPI Standard

    TAPPI T414 Internal Tearing Resistance of Paper

    ASTM Standards

    D646 Test Method for Mass Per Unit Area of Paper and Paperboard of Aramid Papers (Basis Weight)

    D685 Practice for Conditioning Paper and Paper Products for Testing

    D1749 Practice for Interlaboratory Evaluation of Test Methods Used with Paper and Paper Products

    E178 Practice for Dealing With Outlying Observations


    Referencing This Standard
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    DOI: 10.1520/D0689-17

    Citation Format

    ASTM D689-17, Standard Test Method for Internal Tearing Resistance of Paper, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2017, www.astm.org

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