ASTM D6584 - 17

    Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Monoglycerides, Total Diglycerides, Total Triglycerides, and Free and Total Glycerin in B-100 Biodiesel Methyl Esters by Gas Chromatography

    Active Standard ASTM D6584 | Developed by Subcommittee: D02.04.0L

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.03


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 Free and bonded glycerin content reflects the quality of biodiesel. A high content of free glycerin may cause problems during storage, or in the fuel system, due to separation of the glycerin. A high total glycerin content can lead to injector fouling and may also contribute to the formation of deposits at injection nozzles, pistons, and valves.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the quantitative determination of total monoglyceride, total diglyceride, total triglyceride, and free and total glycerin in B-100 methyl esters by gas chromatography. The range of quantitation for monoglyceride is 0.009 % to 0.77860 % by mass, for diglyceride is 0.092353 % to 0.54475 % by mass, and for triglyceride is 0.00092857 % to 1.3881 % by mass. The range of quantitation for free glycerin is 0.0005714 % to 0.019533 % by mass and for total glycerin from 0.0090714 % to 0.42767 % by mass. This procedure is not applicable to vegetable oil methyl esters obtained from lauric oils, such as coconut oil and palm kernel oil.

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D4307 Practice for Preparation of Liquid Blends for Use as Analytical Standards

    E355 Practice for Gas Chromatography Terms and Relationships

    E594 Practice for Testing Flame Ionization Detectors Used in Gas or Supercritical Fluid Chromatography


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 75.160.20 (Liquid fuels)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 15101801(Biodiesel)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
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    DOI: 10.1520/D6584-17

    Citation Format

    ASTM D6584-17, Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Monoglycerides, Total Diglycerides, Total Triglycerides, and Free and Total Glycerin in B-100 Biodiesel Methyl Esters by Gas Chromatography, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2017, www.astm.org

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