ASTM D6461 / D6461M - 16a

    Standard Specifications for Silt Fence Materials

    Active Standard ASTM D6461 / D6461M | Developed by Subcommittee: D18.25

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.09


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    Abstract

    This specification covers requirements and test methods for geotextile fabrics and associated components used in temporary silt fence applications. It is applicable to the use of a geotextile as a vertical permeable interceptor designed to remove suspended soil from overland, nonconcentrated water flow. The function of a temporary silt fence is to trap and allow settlement of soil particles from sediment laden water. The purpose is to greatly limit the transport of eroded soil from the construction site by water runoff. Fibers used in the manufacture of geotextiles for silt fence, and the threads used in joining geotextiles by sewing, shall consist of long-chain synthetic polymers composed of at least 95 % by weight of polyolefins or polyester. They shall be formed into a stable network such that the filaments or yarns retain their dimensional stability relative to each other, including selvages. Geotextiles and related materials used for temporary silt fence shall conform with required grab strength, permittivity, apparent opening size, and ultraviolet stability. The prescribed support posts are described in the specification.

    This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification covers requirements and test methods for geotextile fabrics and associated components used in temporary silt fence applications. Table 1 is a material purchasing specification based on AASHTO M288. Table 2 is a specification to be used in areas of high water flow.

    1.2 Both specifications are applicable to the use of a geotextile as a vertical permeable interceptor designed to remove suspended soil from overland, nonconcentrated water flow. The function of a temporary silt fence is to trap and allow settlement of soil particles from sediment laden water. The purpose is to greatly limit the transport of eroded soil from construction sites and other areas affected by water runoff.

    Note 1: It should be noted that proper installation and maintenance are critical for the effective functioning of silt fence.

    1.3 The tests used to characterize the silt fence are intended to ensure good workmanship and quality and are not necessarily adequate for design purposes in view of the wide variety of possible sediments and performance objectives.

    1.4 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents, therefore each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

    Note 2: Although the Table 1 specification should be acceptable in most erosion control applications, it should be noted that an alternative silt fence specification for a higher water flow rate, listed in Table 2, may be required by the engineers in areas that are susceptible to higher water runoff; using Table 2 specification will minimize safety hazards such as hydroplaning in these areas.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D123 Terminology Relating to Textiles

    D276 Test Methods for Identification of Fibers in Textiles

    D653 Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids

    D4354 Practice for Sampling of Geosynthetics and Rolled Erosion Control Products(RECPs) for Testing

    D4355 Test Method for Deterioration of Geotextiles by Exposure to Light, Moisture and Heat in a Xenon Arc Type Apparatus

    D4439 Terminology for Geosynthetics

    D4491 Test Methods for Water Permeability of Geotextiles by Permittivity

    D4632 Test Method for Grab Breaking Load and Elongation of Geotextiles

    D4751 Test Methods for Determining Apparent Opening Size of a Geotextile

    D4759 Practice for Determining the Specification Conformance of Geosynthetics

    D4873 Guide for Identification, Storage, and Handling of Geosynthetic Rolls and Samples

    D6637 Test Method for Determining Tensile Properties of Geogrids by the Single or Multi-Rib Tensile Method


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 59.080.70 (Geotextiles)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 30121702(Geotextile); 30121900(Soil stabilizers and reinforcing materials)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D6461_D6461M-16A

    Citation Format

    ASTM D6461 / D6461M-16a, Standard Specifications for Silt Fence Materials, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2016, www.astm.org

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