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Significance and Use
5.1 The hydrogen ion activity, as measured by pHe, is a good predictor of the corrosion potential of ethanol fuels. It is preferable to total acidity because total acidity does not measure activity of the hydrogen ions; overestimates the contribution of weak acids, such as carbonic acid; and can underestimate the corrosion potential of low concentrations of strong acids, such as sulfuric acid.
1.1 This test method covers a procedure to determine a measure of the hydrogen ion activity of high ethanol content fuels. These include denatured fuel ethanol and ethanol fuel blends. The test method is applicable to denatured fuel ethanol and ethanol fuel blends containing ethanol at 51 % by volume, or more.
1.2 Hydrogen ion activity as measured in this test method is defined as pHe. A pHe value for alcohol solutions is not comparable to pH values of water solutions.
1.2.1 The value of pHe measured will depend somewhat on the fuel blend, the stirring rate, and the time the electrode is in the fuel.
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.3.1 Hydrogen ion activity in water is expressed as pH and hydrogen ion activity in ethanol is expressed as pHe.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
D4175 Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
D4806 Specification for Denatured Fuel Ethanol for Blending with Gasolines for Use as Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
D4814 Specification for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
D5798 Specification for Ethanol Fuel Blends for Flexible-Fuel Automotive Spark-Ignition Engines
ICS Number Code 27.060.10 (Liquid and solid fuel burners)
|Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)|
ASTM D6423-20a, Standard Test Method for Determination of pHe of Denatured Fuel Ethanol and Ethanol Fuel Blends, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2020, www.astm.orgBack to Top