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    ASTM D6420 - 18

    Standard Test Method for Determination of Gaseous Organic Compounds by Direct Interface Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry

    Active Standard ASTM D6420 | Developed by Subcommittee: D22.03

    Book of Standards Volume: 11.07

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    Significance and Use

    5.1 This field test method determines the mass concentration of VOHAPs (or any subset) listed in Section 1.

    5.2 Multiplying the mass concentration by the effluent volumetric flow rate (see 2.2) yields mass emission rates.

    5.3 This field test method employs laboratory GCMS techniques and QA/quality control (QC) procedures in common application.

    5.4 This field test method provides data with accuracy and precision similar to most laboratory GCMS instrumentation.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method employs a direct interface gas chromatograph/mass spectrometer (GCMS) to identify and quantify the 36 volatile organic compounds (or sub-set of these compounds) listed as follows. The individual Chemical Abstract Service (CAS) numbers are listed after each compound.


    Methylene chloride-75092



    Carbon disulfide-75150




    Methyl iso-Butyl ketone-108101





    Carbon tetrachloride-56235





    Vinyl acetate-108054


    Vinyl chloride-75014





    Methyl ethyl ketone-78933









    Ethyl chloride-75003


    1.2 The test method incorporates a performance-based approach, which validates each GCMS analysis by placing boundaries on the instrument response to gaseous internal standards and their specific mass spectral relative abundance. Using this approach, the test method may be extended to analyze other compounds.

    1.3 The test method provides on-site analysis of extracted, unconditioned, and unsaturated (at the instrument) gas samples from stationary sources. Gas streams with high moisture content may require conditioning to prevent moisture condensation within the instrument. For these samples, quality assurance (QA) requirements are provided in the test method to validate the analysis of polar, water-soluble compounds.

    1.4 The instrument range should be sufficient to measure the listed volatile organic compounds from 150 ppb(v) to 100 ppm(v), using a full scan operation (between 45 and 300 atomic mass units). The range may be extended to higher or lower concentrations using either of the following procedures:

    1.4.1 The initial three-point calibration concentrations and the continuing calibration checks are adjusted to match the stack concentrations, or

    1.4.2 The three-point calibration is extended to include additional concentrations to cover the measurement range.

    1.5 The minimum quantification level is 50 % of the lowest calibration concentration. Responses below this level are considered to be estimated concentrations, unless a calibration standard check is conducted at a lower concentration to demonstrate linearity. The sensitivity of the GCMS measurement system for the individual target analytes depends upon:

    1.5.1 The specific instrument response for each target analyte and the number of mass spectral quantification ions available.

    1.5.2 The amount of instrument noise, and

    1.5.3 The percent moisture content of the sample gas.

    1.6 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Additional safety precautions are described in Section 9.

    1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    EPA Test Methods

    Method 1 Sample and Velocity Traverses for Stationary Sources Code of Federal Regulations 40 CFR Part 60, Appendix A, available from U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, 732 N. Capitol St., NW, Washington, DC 20401-0001, http://www.access.gpo.gov.

    Method 3 Gas Analysis for Carbon Dioxide, Oxygen, Excess Air, and Dry Molecular Weight

    Method 4 Determination of Moisture Content in Stack Gases

    Method 624 Purgables Code of Federal Regulations 40 CFR Part 136, Appendix A, available from U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, 732 N. Capitol St., NW, Washington, DC 20401-0001, http://www.access.gpo.gov.

    ASTM Standards

    D1356 Terminology Relating to Sampling and Analysis of Atmospheres

    D3195 Practice for Rotameter Calibration

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 71.040.50 (Physicochemical methods of analysis)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 41115703(Gas chromatographs)

    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D6420-18

    Citation Format

    ASTM D6420-18, Standard Test Method for Determination of Gaseous Organic Compounds by Direct Interface Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2018, www.astm.org

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