ASTM D6377 - 20

    Standard Test Method for Determination of Vapor Pressure of Crude Oil: VPCRx (Expansion Method)

    Active Standard ASTM D6377 | Developed by Subcommittee: D02.08

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.03


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 Vapor pressure of crude oil at various V/Ls is an important physical property for shipping and storage.

    Note 2: A vapor-liquid ratio of 0.02:1 (X = 0.02) mimics closely the situation of an oil tanker.

    5.2 Vapor pressure of crude oil is important to crude oil producers and refiners for general handling and initial refinery treatment.

    5.3 The vapor pressure determined by this test method at a vapor-liquid ratio of 4:1 (VPCR4) of crude oil at 37.8 °C can be related to the vapor pressure value determined on the same material when tested by Test Method D323 (see Appendix X1).

    5.4 Air saturation of crude oil shall not be done to avoid potential vapor loss. However air saturation of the chilled verification fluid is mandatory (see 7.2 and Section 11).

    5.5 This test method can also be applied in online applications.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the use of automated vapor pressure instruments to determine the vapor pressure exerted in vacuum of crude oils. This test method is suitable for testing samples that exert a vapor pressure between 25 kPa and 180 kPa at 37.8 °C at vapor-liquid ratios from 4:1 and 0.02:1 (X = 4 and 0.02).

    Note 1: This test method is suitable for the determination of the vapor pressure of crude oils at temperatures from 0 °C to 100 °C and pressures up to 500 kPa, but the precision and bias statements (see Section 14) may not be applicable. The current precision of the method is limited at vapor-liquid ratios of 0.02 and 4. (Section 14 is inclusive of vapor-liquid ratios of 0.02 and 4).

    1.2 This test method also allows the determination of vapor pressure for crude oil samples having pour points above 15 °C provided the proper sample handling, transfer, and analysis procedures are followed.

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific warning statements, see 7.2.1 – 7.3.2.

    1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D323 Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Reid Method)

    D2892 Test Method for Distillation of Crude Petroleum (15-Theoretical Plate Column)

    D3700 Practice for Obtaining LPG Samples Using a Floating Piston Cylinder

    D4057 Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

    D4177 Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

    D5191 Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels (Mini Method)

    D5842 Practice for Sampling and Handling of Fuels for Volatility Measurement

    D5853 Test Method for Pour Point of Crude Oils

    D6708 Practice for Statistical Assessment and Improvement of Expected Agreement Between Two Test Methods that Purport to Measure the Same Property of a Material

    D7975 Test Method for Determination of Vapor Pressure of Crude Oil: VPCRx-F(TmC)(Manual Expansion Field Method)

    D8009 Practice for Manual Piston Cylinder Sampling for Volatile Crude Oils, Condensates, and Liquid Petroleum Products


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 75.040 (Crude petroleum)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 15101508(Crude oil)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
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    DOI: 10.1520/D6377-20

    Citation Format

    ASTM D6377-20, Standard Test Method for Determination of Vapor Pressure of Crude Oil: VPCRx (Expansion Method), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2020, www.astm.org

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