ASTM D6361 / D6361M - 98(2020)

    Standard Guide for Selecting Cleaning Agents and Processes

    Active Standard ASTM D6361 / D6361M | Developed by Subcommittee: D26.03

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.05

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    Significance and Use

    5.1 This guide is to be used by anyone developing cleaning requirements for specifications for manufacturing, maintenance, or overhaul. This guide has been designed to be application specific for each cleaning task and to assure the design engineer that the process selected by the industrial or manufacturing engineer will be compatible with both the part material and the subsequent process(es). This guide allows the industrial or manufacturing engineer to customize the selection of the cleaning product based on the materials of the part being cleaned; the cleanliness required for the subsequent process(es); and the environmental, cost, and health and safety concerns.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This guide is intended to assist design engineers, manufacturing/industrial engineers, and production managers in selecting the best fit cleaning agent and process. This guide takes into account environmental pollution prevention factors in a selection process.

    1.2 This guide is not to be considered as a database of acceptable materials. It will guide the engineers and managers through the cleaning material selection process, calling for engineers to customize their selection based on the cleaning requirements for the cleaning tasks at hand. If a part can be cleaned, and kept clean, it can be cycled through several process steps that have cleaning requirements. This eliminates extra cleaning process steps during the total process. A total life cycle cost analysis or performance/cost of ownership study is recommended to compare the methods available.

    1.3 This guide is for general industry manufacturing, equipment maintenance and remanufacturing operations, and to some extent precision cleaning of mechanical parts and assemblies. It is not intended to be used for optical, medical, or electronics applications, nor is it intended for dry-cleaning or super-critical fluid cleaning.

    1.4 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other and values from the two systems shall not be combined.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D56 Test Method for Flash Point by Tag Closed Cup Tester

    D92 Test Method for Flash and Fire Points by Cleveland Open Cup Tester

    D93 Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester

    D2240 Test Method for Rubber PropertyDurometer Hardness

    D3167 Test Method for Floating Roller Peel Resistance of Adhesives

    D3278 Test Methods for Flash Point of Liquids by Small Scale Closed-Cup Apparatus

    D3519 Test Method for Foam in Aqueous Media (Blender Test)

    D3601 Test Method for Foam In Aqueous Media (Bottle Test)

    D3707 Test Method for Storage Stability of Water-in-Oil Emulsions by the Oven Test Method

    D3709 Test Method for Stability of Water-in-Oil Emulsions Under Low to Ambient Temperature Cycling Conditions

    D3762 Test Method for Adhesive-Bonded Surface Durability of Aluminum (Wedge Test)

    E70 Test Method for pH of Aqueous Solutions With the Glass Electrode

    E1720 Test Method for Determining Ready, Ultimate, Biodegradability of Organic Chemicals in a Sealed Vessel CO2 Production Test

    F483 Practice for Total Immersion Corrosion Test for Aircraft Maintenance Chemicals

    F484 Test Method for Stress Crazing of Acrylic Plastics in Contact with Liquid or Semi-Liquid Compounds

    F485 Practice for Effects of Cleaners on Unpainted Aircraft Surfaces

    F502 Test Method for Effects of Cleaning and Chemical Maintenance Materials on Painted Aircraft Surfaces

    F519 Test Method for Mechanical Hydrogen Embrittlement Evaluation of Plating/Coating Processes and Service Environments

    F945 Test Method for Stress-Corrosion of Titanium Alloys by Aircraft Engine Cleaning Materials

    F1104 Test Method for Preparing Aircraft Cleaning Compounds, Liquid Type, Water Base, for Storage Stability Testing

    F1110 Test Method for Sandwich Corrosion Test

    F1111 Test Method for Corrosion of Low-Embrittling Cadmium Plate by Aircraft Maintenance Chemicals

    G44 Practice for Exposure of Metals and Alloys by Alternate Immersion in Neutral 3.5 % Sodium Chloride Solution

    G121 Practice for Preparation of Contaminated Test Coupons for the Evaluation of Cleaning Agents

    G122 Test Method for Evaluating the Effectiveness of Cleaning Agents

    Other Documents

    Aerospace Material Specification (AMS) 3204/AMS 3209 Test for Rubber Compatibility

    ARP 1795

    Military Standards


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 71.100.40 (Surface active agents)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 47131800(Cleaning and disinfecting solutions)

    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D6361_D6361M-98R20

    Citation Format

    ASTM D6361 / D6361M-98(2020), Standard Guide for Selecting Cleaning Agents and Processes, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2020,

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