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This test method provides for the quantitative determination of oxygenates, paraffins, olefins, naphthenes, and aromatics in low-olefin spark-ignition engine fuels by multidimensional gas chromatography. Each hydrocarbon type can be reported either by carbon number or as a total through C10, except for olefins, which can only be reported through C9. Higher boiling hydrocarbons cannot be reported by type and are reported as a composite group. The lower limit of detection for a single hydrocarbon component or carbon number type is 0.05 mass %.
Formerly under the jurisdiction of Committee D02 on Petroleum Products and Lubricants, this test method was withdrawn in October 2009, because it is no longer in use in most laboratories, and replaced by Test Method D6839–02(2007) on Hydrocarbon Types, Oxygenated Compounds and Benzene in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by Gas Chromatography.
1.1 This test method provides for the quantitative determination of oxygenates, paraffins, olefins, naphthenes, and aromatics in low-olefin spark-ignition engine fuels by multidimensional gas chromatography. Each hydrocarbon type can be reported either by carbon number (see ) or as a total through C
Note 1—There can be an overlap between the C
1.2 This test method is applicable for total olefins in the range from 0.05 to 13 mass %. The test method can quantitatively determine olefins in samples where the olefin concentration does not exceed 0.6 % C
1.3 This test method is not intended to determine individual hydrocarbon components except for those hydrocarbon types for which there is only one component within a carbon number. Individually determined hydrocarbons are benzene, toluene, cyclopentane, propane, propylene, and cyclopentene.
1.4 Precision data has only been obtained on samples containing MTBE. Application of this test method to determine other oxygenates shall be verified in the user's laboratory. Methanol cannot be determined and shall be quantitated by an appropriate oxygenate method such as Test Method D 4815 or D 5599. Methanol is fully resolved and does not interfere with the determination of other components or groups.
1.5 Although specifically written for spark-ignition engine fuels containing oxygenates, this test method can also be applied to other hydrocarbon streams having similar boiling ranges, such as naphthas and reformates.
1.6 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard.
1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D4307 Practice for Preparation of Liquid Blends for Use As Analytical Standards
D4815 Test Method for Determination of MTBE, ETBE, TAME, DIPE tertiary-Amyl Alcohol and C 1 to C4 Alcohols in Gasoline by Gas Chromatography
D5599 Test Method for Determination of Oxygenates in Gasoline by Gas Chromatography and Oxygen Selective Flame Ionization Detection
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ASTM D6293-98(2003)e1, Standard Test Method for Oxygenates and Paraffin, Olefin, Naphthene, Aromatic (O-PONA) Hydrocarbon Types in Low-Olefin Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by Gas Chromatography (Withdrawn 2009), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2003, www.astm.orgBack to Top