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    ASTM D6247 - 18

    Standard Test Method for Determination of Elemental Content of Polyolefins by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

    Active Standard ASTM D6247 | Developed by Subcommittee: D20.70

    Book of Standards Volume: 08.03

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    Significance and Use

    5.1 Elemental analysis serves as a quality control measure for post-reactor studies, for additive levels in formulated resins, and for finished products. X-ray fluorescence spectrometry is an accurate and relatively fast method to determine mass fractions of multiple elements in polyethylene and polypropylene materials.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers a general procedure for the determination of elemental content in polyolefins by wavelength-dispersive X-ray fluorescence (WDXRF) spectrometry, in mass fraction ranges typical of those contributed by additives, catalysts, and reactor processes. The elements covered by this test method include fluorine, sodium, magnesium, aluminum, silicon, phosphorus, sulfur, calcium, titanium, chromium, and zinc in the composition ranges given in Table 1.

    1.1.1 This test method does not apply to polymers specifically formulated to contain flame retardants including brominated compounds and antimony trioxide.

    1.1.2 This test method does not apply to polymers formulated to contain high levels of compounds of vanadium, molybdenum, cadmium, tin, barium, lead, and mercury because the performance can be strongly influenced by spectral interferences or interelement effects due to these elements.

    Note 1: Specific methods and capabilities of users may vary with differences in interelement effects and sensitivities, instrumentation and applications software, and practices between laboratories. Development and use of test procedures to measure particular elements, mass fraction ranges or matrices is the responsibility of individual users.

    Note 2: One general method is outlined herein; alternative analytical practices can be followed, and are attached in notes, where appropriate.

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific precautionary statements are given in Section 10.

    Note 3: There is no known ISO equivalent to this standard.

    1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C1118 Guide for Selecting Components for Wavelength-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF) Systems

    D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics

    D4703 Practice for Compression Molding Thermoplastic Materials into Test Specimens, Plaques, or Sheets


    E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications

    E135 Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials

    E1361 Guide for Correction of Interelement Effects in X-Ray Spectrometric Analysis

    E1601 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Evaluate the Performance of an Analytical Method

    E1621 Guide for Elemental Analysis by Wavelength Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

    Other Documents

    JCGM 100:2008 Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurements

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 83.020 (Manufacturing processes in the rubber and plastics industries)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 13102032(Thermoplastic polyolefin TPO)

    Referencing This Standard
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    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D6247-18

    Citation Format

    ASTM D6247-18, Standard Test Method for Determination of Elemental Content of Polyolefins by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2018, www.astm.org

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