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    ASTM D6105 - 04(2019)

    Standard Practice for Application of Electrical Discharge Surface Treatment (Activation) of Plastics for Adhesive Bonding

    Active Standard ASTM D6105 | Developed by Subcommittee: D14.40

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.06

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    Significance and Use

    5.1 Bonding of many polymeric substrates presents a problem due to the low wettability of their surfaces and their chemical inertness. Adhesive bond formation begins with the establishment of interfacial molecular contact by wetting. Wettability of a substrate surface depends on its surface energy. The surface activation with electrical discharges improves wettability of polymers and subsequent adhesive bonding. The surface activation with electrical discharges results in addition of polar functional groups on the polymer surface. The higher the concentration of polar functional groups on the surface the more actively the surface reacts with the different polar interfaces.

    5.2 To achieve a proper adhesive bond the polyolefin substrate's polar component should be raised from near zero to 15 to 20 mJ/m2.

    5.3 The pre-treated surfaces are ready for application of the adhesive immediately after the treatment.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice covers various electrical discharge treatments to be used to enhance the ability of polymeric substrates to be adhesively bonded. This practice does not include additional information on the preparation of test specimens or testing conditions as they are covered in the various ASTM test methods or specifications for specific materials.

    1.2 The types of discharge phenomena that are used for surface modification of polymers fit into the general category of nonequilibrium or non-thermal discharges in which electron temperature (mean energy) greatly exceeds the gas temperature.

    1.3 The technologies included in this practice are:



    Gas plasma at reduced pressure


    Electrical discharges at atmospheric pressure


    AC dielectric barrier discharge


    High Frequency Apparatus


    Suppressed Spark Apparatus


    Arc Plasma Apparatus


    Glow Discharge Apparatus


    Note 1: The term “corona treatment” has been applied sometimes in the literature to the different electrical discharge treatment technologies described in Section 9. This practice defines each electrical discharge treatment technology at atmospheric pressure presented in Section 9 and draws the necessary distinctions between them and corona discharge. See Test Method D1868 for “corona discharge.”

    1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific hazard statements appear in Section 6.

    1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D724 Test Method for Surface Wettability of Paper (Angle-of-Contact Method)

    D907 Terminology of Adhesives

    D1868 Test Method for Detection and Measurement of Partial Discharge (Corona) Pulses in Evaluation of Insulation Systems

    D2578 Test Method for Wetting Tension of Polyethylene and Polypropylene Films

    D2651 Guide for Preparation of Metal Surfaces for Adhesive Bonding

    D5946 Test Method for Corona-Treated Polymer Films Using Water Contact Angle Measurements

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 83.140.01 (Rubber and plastic products in general)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code

    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D6105-04R19

    Citation Format

    ASTM D6105-04(2019), Standard Practice for Application of Electrical Discharge Surface Treatment (Activation) of Plastics for Adhesive Bonding, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2019, www.astm.org

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