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Significance and Use
5.1 Density is a fundamental physical property that can be used in conjunction with other properties to characterize engine coolant concentrates and aqueous engine coolants.
5.2 Determination of the density or relative density of these products is necessary for the conversion of measured volumes to volumes at the standard temperature of choice. ASTM specifications normally state the temperatures for density and relative density of fluids; 25 °C, 20 °C, and 15.6 °C are commonly used temperatures.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of the density or relative density of glycols, glycerin, heat transfer fluids, engine coolant concentrates, and aqueous engine coolants.
1.2 This test method should not be applied to samples so dark in color that the absence of air bubbles in the sample cell cannot be established with certainty.
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.3.1 The accepted units of measure for density are grams per milliliter or kilograms per cubic meter.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard statements, see .
1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
E230/E230M Specification for Temperature-Electromotive Force (emf) Tables for Standardized Thermocouples
ICS Number Code 17.060 (Measurement of volume, mass, density, viscosity); 47.020.20 (Marine engines and propulsion systems); 71.100.45 (Refrigerants and antifreezes)
UNSPSC Code 25174004(Engine coolant)
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ASTM D5931-20, Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density of Engine Coolant Concentrates and Aqueous Engine Coolants by Digital Density Meter, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2020, www.astm.orgBack to Top