ASTM D5767 - 17

    Standard Test Method for Instrumental Measurement of Distinctness-of-Image (DOI) Gloss of Coated Surfaces

    Active Standard ASTM D5767 | Developed by Subcommittee: E12.03

    Book of Standards Volume: 06.01


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 An important aspect of the appearance of glossy coating surfaces is the distinctness (clarity) of images reflected by them. The values obtained in this measuring procedure correlate well with visual ratings for DOI (image clarity).

    4.2 Although Test Methods D523 and D4039 are useful in characterizing some aspects of glossy appearance, they do not provide satisfactory ratings for DOI (image clarity).

    4.3 The measurement conditions given conform to the conditions specified in Test Methods E430.

    4.4 The measurement conditions given in this test method conform to the conditions specified in ISO 10216.

    4.5 The scale values obtained with the measuring procedures of this test method range from 0 to 100 with a value of 100 representing perfect DOI (image clarity).

    4.6 The DOI (image clarity) scale value does not, of itself, indicate any specific cause for reduction in reflected image sharpness. Surface irregularities such as haze, orange peel, and wrinkle, when present, may be cited as causes for reduction of image sharpness.

    1. Scope

    1.1 These test methods describe the measurement of the distinctness-of-image (DOI) gloss of coating surfaces using electro-optical measuring techniques.

    1.2 The coatings assessed shall be applied to planar rigid surfaces.

    1.3 Test Method—The light through a small slit is projected on the specimen surface and its reflected image intensity is measured through a sliding combed shutter to provide a value of image clarity.

    1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D523 Test Method for Specular Gloss

    D823 Practices for Producing Films of Uniform Thickness of Paint, Varnish, and Related Products on Test Panels

    D2457 Test Method for Specular Gloss of Plastic Films and Solid Plastics

    D3964 Practice for Selection of Coating Specimens for Appearance Measurements

    D4039 Test Method for Reflection Haze of High-Gloss Surfaces

    E284 Terminology of Appearance

    E430 Test Methods for Measurement of Gloss of High-Gloss Surfaces by Abridged Goniophotometry

    E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 25.220.01 (Surface treatment and coating in general)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
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    DOI: 10.1520/D5767-17

    Citation Format

    ASTM D5767-17, Standard Test Method for Instrumental Measurement of Distinctness-of-Image (DOI) Gloss of Coated Surfaces, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2017, www.astm.org

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