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    ASTM D5681 - 20

    Standard Terminology for Waste and Waste Management

    Active Standard ASTM D5681 | Developed by Subcommittee: D34.94

    Book of Standards Volume: 11.04

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    Significance and Use

    3.1 This terminology defines terms and specialized meanings of terms in the subject areas of waste and management of waste.

    3.2 This terminology is not intended for subjects other than waste and waste management. For terms applicable to other subject areas, the appropriate terminology standard(s) should be consulted. See the current edition of the Compilation of ASTM Standard Definitions4 and the list of terminology standards cited therein.

    3.3 Standards relating to subcategories of waste or waste management may use terms defined more narrowly than those included here. The more specialized terminology standards relating to the applicable specific subcategory, or terms defined within individual standards, or both, should be consulted for the exact meaning intended within a given standard.

    3.4 The Thesaurus on Resource Recovery Terminology (Special Technical Publication (STP) 832)5 contains many terms and may be useful for those not listed in terminology standards. However, a definition in a standard terminology shall be considered governing when the term is used in the sense or meaning defined therein.

    3.5 Statistical terms are not defined in this terminology to the extent that the terms, when used regarding waste and management of waste, have the same meanings as in Practice E177 or Terminology E456.

    3.6 Regulatory terms are often developed by regulatory agencies for special regulatory purposes and may have technical content or meaning different from terms defined herein. When a regulatory term exists that differs in meaning from a term given here, the regulatory term should be considered to take precedence for regulatory matters.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This terminology contains standard definitions of terms used in the general area of waste and waste management. It is intended to promote understanding by providing precise technical definitions of terms used in the standards developed by Committee D34 and its subcommittees.

    1.2 Terms used only within an individual standard, and having a meaning unique to that standard, may be defined or explained in the terminology section of that individual standard.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1129 Terminology Relating to Water

    D4439 Terminology for Geosynthetics

    D4448 Guide for Sampling Ground-Water Monitoring Wells

    D4547 Guide for Sampling Waste and Soils for Volatile Organic Compounds

    D4646 Test Method for 24-h Batch-Type Measurement of Contaminant Sorption by Soils and Sediments

    D4790 Terminology of Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Related Chemicals

    D4874 Test Method for Leaching Solid Material in a Column Apparatus

    D5120 Test Method for Inhibition of Respiration in Microbial Cultures in the Activated Sludge Process

    D5231 Test Method for Determination of the Composition of Unprocessed Municipal Solid Waste

    D5285 Test Method for 24-Hour Batch-Type Measurement of Volatile Organic Sorption by Soils and Sediments

    D5368 Test Methods for Gravimetric Determination of Total Solvent Extractable Content (TSEC) of Solid Waste Samples

    D5369 Practice for Extraction of Solid Waste Samples for Chemical Analysis Using Soxhlet Extraction

    D5468 Test Method for Gross Calorific and Ash Value of Waste Materials

    D5660 Test Method for Assessing the Microbial Detoxification of Chemically Contaminated Water and Soil Using a Toxicity Test with a Luminescent Marine Bacterium

    D5679 Practice for Sampling Consolidated Solids in Drums or Similar Containers

    D5680 Practice for Sampling Unconsolidated Solids in Drums or Similar Containers

    D5743 Practice for Sampling Single or Multilayered Liquids, With or Without Solids, in Drums or Similar Containers

    D5744 Test Method for Laboratory Weathering of Solid Materials Using a Humidity Cell

    D5745 Guide for Developing and Implementing Short-Term Measures or Early Actions for Site Remediation

    D5746 Classification of Environmental Condition of Property Area Types for Defense Base Closure and Realignment Facilities

    D5759 Guide for Characterization of Coal Fly Ash and Clean Coal Combustion Fly Ash for Potential Uses

    D5792 Practice for Generation of Environmental Data Related to Waste Management Activities: Development of Data Quality Objectives

    D5956 Guide for Sampling Strategies for Heterogeneous Wastes

    D6008 Practice for Conducting Environmental Baseline Surveys

    D6044 Guide for Representative Sampling for Management of Waste and Contaminated Media

    D6051 Guide for Composite Sampling and Field Subsampling for Environmental Waste Management Activities

    D6063 Guide for Sampling of Drums and Similar Containers by Field Personnel

    D6250 Practice for Derivation of Decision Point and Confidence Limit for Statistical Testing of Mean Concentration in Waste Management Decisions

    D6270 Practice for Use of Scrap Tires in Civil Engineering Applications

    D6311 Guide for Generation of Environmental Data Related to Waste Management Activities: Selection and Optimization of Sampling Design

    D6323 Guide for Laboratory Subsampling of Media Related to Waste Management Activities

    D6346 Guide for Accepting, Segregating, and Packaging Materials Collected Through Household Hazardous Waste Programs

    D6538 Guide for Sampling Wastewater With Automatic Samplers

    D6582 Guide for Ranked Set Sampling: Efficient Estimation of a Mean Concentration in Environmental Sampling

    D6661 Practice for Field Collection of Organic Compounds from Surfaces Using Wipe Sampling

    D6700 Guide for Use of Scrap Tires as Tire-Derived Fuel

    D6759 Practice for Sampling Liquids Using Grab and Discrete Depth Samplers

    D6842 Guide for Designing Cost-Effective Sampling and Measurement Plans by Use of Estimated Uncertainty and Its Components in Waste Management Decision-Making

    D6956 Guide for Demonstrating and Assessing Whether a Chemical Analytical Measurement System Provides Analytical Results Consistent with Their Intended Use

    D6982 Practice for Detecting Hot Spots Using Point-Net (Grid) Search Patterns

    E135 Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials

    E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods

    E456 Terminology Relating to Quality and Statistics

    E702 Specification for Municipal Ferrous Scrap

    E708 Specification for Waste Glass as a Raw Material for the Manufacture of Glass Containers

    E711 Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Refuse-Derived Fuel by the Bomb Calorimeter

    E828 Test Method for Designating the Size of RDF-3 From its Sieve Analysis

    E850 Guide for Characterization of Inorganic Process Wastes for Use as Structural Fill

    E856 Definitions of Terms and Abbreviations Relating to Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Refuse Derived Fuel

    E868 Test Methods for Conducting Performance Tests on Mechanical Conveying Equipment Used in Resource Recovery Systems

    E884 Practice for Sampling Airborne Microorganisms at Municipal Solid-Waste Processing Facilities

    E889 Test Method for Composition or Purity of a Solid Waste Materials Stream

    E897 Test Method for Volatile Matter in the Analysis Sample of Refuse-Derived Fuel

    E929 Test Method for Measuring Electrical Energy Requirements of Processing Equipment

    E943 Terminology Relating to Biological Effects and Environmental Fate

    E949 Test Method for Total Moisture in a Refuse-Derived Fuel Laboratory Sample

    E953/E953M Practice for Fusibility of Refuse-Derived Fuel (RDF) Ash

    E955 Test Method for Thermal Characteristics of Refuse-Derived Fuel Macrosamples

    E959 Test Method for Characterizing the Performance of Refuse Size-Reduction Equipment

    E1138 Terminology for Technical Aspects of Products Liability Litigation

    E1248 Practice for Shredder Explosion Protection

    E1266 Practice for Processing Mixtures of Lime, Fly Ash, and Heavy Metal Wastes in Structural Fills and Other Construction Applications

    E1527 Practice for Environmental Site Assessments: Phase I Environmental Site Assessment Process

    E1528 Practice for Limited Environmental Due Diligence: Transaction Screen Process

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 01.040.13 (Environment and health protection. Safety (Vocabularies)); 13.030.99 (Other standards related to wastes)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code

    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D5681-20

    Citation Format

    ASTM D5681-20, Standard Terminology for Waste and Waste Management, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2020, www.astm.org

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